Kreosotum - General symptomsBeech Wood Kreosote, Kreosote, Kreos
Homeopathic remedies are prescribed on the basis that in a tiny dilution like cures like, so while the very dilute homeopathic remedy may help, the raw product is often best avoided.
Below are the strongest indications (i.e. symptoms) of Kreosotum in traditional homeopathic usage, not reviewed by the FDA.
< < Kreosotum - main page
Tearing in the head, with great heat of the face and tearing in the left upper teeth.
the tearing in the head begins in the morning as soon as she wakes, and lasts twenty-four hours, while the tearing in the teeth intermits at times, but always returns, and lasts so long that she is unable to sleep the whole night, with heat over the whole body, great weakness, peevish and lachrymose mood, and vexation at every trifle,.
Violent stitches, as with a large awl, on the anterior portion of the right side of the head, so that she knew not what she did, her ideas therewith almost completely disappeared.
she went to bed with this sticking, but soon fell asleep.
dreamed the whole night of indifferent things.
in the morning it had entirely disappeared, commencing in the afternoon (after three days),.
A red, somewhat sensitive spot on the right lower lid, which was swollen the next day, with the formation of a pimple nearly of the size of a hempseed towards the inner margin of the lid, on a whitish surface.
therewith the surrounding conjunctiva of the lid was very red, the lid externally bluish-red, somewhat congested.
in the evening the swelling was affected with sticking pain.
this pimple remained unchanged for a week, when the proving was interrupted by catarrh for eight days, during which it disappeared,.
A pimple in the left upper concha, on account of which the whole external ear becomes inflamed swollen, hot to the touch, with burning pains.
therewith the whole left side of the neck becomes stiff, with tensive pain.
he cannot turn the head well towards the left, towards the right it is free.
the pains extend through the shoulder and down into the middle of the arm, together with internal shivering through all the limbs, without subsequent heat or thirst, with heat in the forehead and pressure above the eyes, as if they would be pressed together,.
When she rises in the morning and immediately sits down, she is attacked by a pressive pain in the region of the spleen, which is associated with other symptoms, and makes her quite weak.
but if she walks around and does not sit down the pain does not occur.
the pain is also caused by even slight external pressure, (Compare 2, 249, 261, 270, 311, 322, 412, 544.).
After the pains in the arms and legs had lasted sixty hours they all at once ceased, but immediately the abdomen became greatly distended, as if menstruation would come on, with weakness, though she was in a lively mood.
in the evening, she went to bed with this distension of the abdomen, slept well, and was quite well in the morning (after three days),.
Painless drawing in upper abdomen, which extends to small of back, and there causes labor-like pains, with pressure downward towards the lumbar vertebrae, as in child-birth.
therewith the face becomes hot (flushes of heat), palpitation, frequent pulse, and frequent ineffectual urging to urinate, which at last takes place after much pressure, is hot and scanty.
after such an attack she becomes chilly, cannot get warm, without thirst.
these attacks occur every quarter of half an hour, and continue twenty-four hours.
they are also associated with eye symptoms 93, 111, in such a way that the eye symptoms cease when the labor-like pains set in.
when the pressure ceases, a milky discharge drops from the vagina without pain,.
Pains in the abdomen. pain like a boil low down in the abdomen, mingled with electric-like stitches in the internal genitals, which cause constrictive spasmodic pains in the pudenda externally, so that she gathers herself together every time when the pains come, with a periodic pressure starting from the small of the back and extending forward, with frequent urging to urinate, with only scanty and clear urine.
ineffectual urging to stool and anxious restlessness through the whole body, so that she broke out into an anxious sweat, with ill-humor, so that she quarrelled with every one and would strike them.
when these attacks occurred while sitting she was obliged to rise and walk about, whereby the pains were relieved.
lasting four days (after twenty-four hours),.
Kreosotum is a mixture of phenol obtained from this distillation.
Miserable and weak
Profuse, FOUL, HOT, ACRID discharges; sputum, eructations, etc
; redden the part Rawness Burning like fire Pulsation; general
Haemorrhage; passive; brown, dark
Lumpy discharges, menses, etc
Black, teeth, leucorrhoea, lochia, etc
Dissatisfied with every thing; wants things, then throws them away and wants something else
Screams at night
Buzzing in head
Yellow pallor, with red blotches (Iodium Iod---- ); during chill or heat
TEETH SOON DECAY; black spots on; intolerable ache, worse pregnancy; painful dentition
Puffy, bluish, bleeding, painful gums Aphthae or salivation, of pregnancy
Taste bitter, low down in throat
Icy cold epigastrium
As of a lump pressing down on bladder
Brown, watery, lienteric stools
Urination hurried; involuntary when lying Diuresis
Profuse, lumpy, intermittent menses, worse lying
Leucorrhoea; gushing; like bloody water; with itching
Tormenting cough, with little expectoration; with sore larynx and chest
Chest; deep pains, take her breath; anxious heaviness
Dragging from back to genitals; as if to come out
Violently itching, moist or scurfy eczema on eyelids, face, joints, back of hands
Ulcers break out and heal repeatedly; bleed after coitus
Gums Stomach Abdomen Female genitals Uterus
Kreasote or Creasote. A product of distillation of Wood Tar. C8 H10 O2. Solution in Rectified Spirit.
Kreosote, a product of the distillation of pyroligneous acid and of tar, the preservative principle of the smoke, used for smoking meats and fish, was discovered by Reichenbach, a Moravian chemist, early in the nineteenth century.
The second edition of his work, published in 1835, supplies many of our data, but independently Kre, has been well proved.
Its name, derived from the Greek, means "flesh-preserver".
and Teste includes it with Arsenicum Album Arsen., Mercurius Corrosivus Merc. cor., Plumbum Metallicum Plumb., Stan., Nitric Acid Nit. ac., Sulphur Sul. ac., Crocus Sativus Crocus, and Argentum Metallicum Arg. met., in his Merc Viv Merc. Sol N/A . group.
He remarks that several members of this group, whilst preserving dead organic matter from decomposition, have just the opposite effect on living tissues.
The entire group have these characters Suppressed or more frequently increased secretions with putridity.
Foul breath. Bloating.
Caries of teeth and bones.
Cadaverous coldness. Predominant left-sidedness.
Deep, nervous and mental derangement.
Violent oscillation of symptoms-ravenous hunger to anorexia, &c.
All favour the production of intestinal parasites and all are therefore anthelmintic.
Excessive indulgence in smoked meats and fish is very injurious to the health.
The leading symptoms in all were Burning pain at epigastrium, bloody vomiting, meteorism, violent colic with constipation, slow breathing, sinking of pulse and dilatation of pupils. (Teste.) Reichenbach not only discovered Kre., he also introduced it into medical practice, and there was, as usual, a rush for the new remedy, which for a short time was a panacea N/A .
and then, except among homoeopaths, fell into neglect.
The marked action of Kre. on the teeth and dentition confirms this.
Nash confirms the action on children and especially during dentition.
The teeth decay almost as soon as they appear.
Gums dark red or blue and very painful; incessant vomiting; cadaverous-smelling stools.
The urinary symptoms are also marked, and Kre. is one of the most important remedies in enuresis.
The chief urinary features are ($51$) Copious pale urine. (2) Sudden; great urging; the patient cannot go quick enough. (3) The child wets the bed during the first sleep which is very profound.
J. Meredith ("Agricola") proved on himself (H. W., xxviii. 84) "the first heavy distillate from hard green wood," obtained at Carbo Veg charcoal works, in the 4x attenuation.
The symptoms observed were so like those of pure Kre. that I do not think they need be separated.
Among them were Great thirst in evening.
Enormous appetite. Stabbings here and there.
Eyes feel as if in a woody smoke.
Sneezing. Spleen pain.
Nasal pus. At 7 a.m. sitting up in bed, pain and stiffness across hips and sacrum, which continued during the day. Prostate N/A and bladder irritation, during night frequently rises to pass a very little urine, coming away like spray.
It cured at the same time constipation of ten to twelve days' duration.
Meredith cured with it a girl, aet. 17, of intense urethral scalding after urination (H. W., xxx. 83).
Kre. is no less suited to women than it is to children; and especially to the leucophlegmatic temperament.
Grauvogl cured with Kre. 3x a girl of 20 of suppression of menses, with a concomitant state of imbecility. (In another woman who had suppressed menses with tertian intermittent fever, the intermittent was cured with Chininum Sulphuricum Chi. Sulphur sul., one grain four times a day, and then Grauvogl, hearing for the first time of the suppression of the menses, gave Kre. 3x, with the result that the fever returned in full force. Quinine was again given, and the fever again disappeared. Before the next period, as the patient was of the Nux Vomica Nux type, that remedy was given and the period was re-established. According to Grauvogl Kre. has a short period of action, one or two days, Chininum Sulphuricum Chi. Sulphur sul. having two or three weeks; and he quotes the case to illustrate the law of incompatibility; in intermittents Chininum Sulphuricum Chi. may be given after Kre., but not Kre. after Chininum Sulphuricum Chi.) Guernsey summarises the action of Kre. on women thus "Lencorrhoea putrid, with accompanying complaints., leucorrhoea in general, especially if very fetid and exhausting.
Female genitals in general.
Complaints after menstruation; of females at change of life." According to the same authority Kre. affects especially the inner temples, external ears and lobe of the ear.
It is suited to very severe old neuralgias with tearing pains sensations affecting upper jaw; upper teeth; inner navel region shoulder-blades.
Dry-peeling lips are a characteristic and Kre. has cured a tumour of lower lip, supposed to be epithelioma, with dry, cracked skin.
In my own experience Kre. (3 and 30) meets a very large proportion of toothache cases where the teeth are decayed, especially if the gums are scorbutic.
The scapular pain is illustrated by a case of Lutze's.
A lady had a pain under left scapula, agg. by motion, excruciatingly agg. by riding in a carriage; amel. by pressure, by lying with that shoulder on something hard, and by warmth.
A long succession of homoeopathic remedies was given in vain.
Long after, Lutze met the patient casually, and she mentioned that she had pains in the left thumb.
This led him to Kre., under which he found the other symptoms of the case.
He asked the patient to let him give her one other dose.
She consented. Kre. 200 was given and completely cured the patient, who had become nervous and worn out by the suffering she had endured (J. of Homoeopathics, May, 1890).
In the same number of the same journal a case is recorded by Jean.
I. Mackay in which Kre. 45m., twice repeated at long intervals, wrought a cure Mrs.
L., 28, fair, nervous.
Has one child, aet. 9. Six years before Mackay saw her had an abortion and since then health had been failing.
Her chief complaint was of haemorrhage from the uterus, brought on by lifting, over-exertion, and always followed coitus.
No pain during coitus.
Menses regular but profuse and clotted.
Constant dull aching pain in back.
The day after the flow has a terrible left-sided headache amel. by hot water applied to head.
Annoying itching in genitals at times.
Os eroded, speculum soon filling with clotted blood. "Coitus followed by flow of blood the next day" is a keynote for Kre.
W. P. Wesselhoeft (Hahn. Ad., xxxviii. 23) confirms these symptoms Coarse, red elevated acne pimples, especially in blonde women.
Nocturnal enuresis from too profound sleep; child cannot be awakened when taken up.
Giving out of knee-joint with annoying cracking (in a large, fat blonde woman).
Large purulent blisters on concha of both ears, with a red base, like small-pox pustules.
Chronic headache accompanied with great drowsiness, during which the patient would sleep most of the time, and groan in his sleep.
Relief was followed by the appearance of a great number of small warts on scalp.
The following case of coccygodynia was reported in Amer.
Hom. Miss A. complains of unbearable burning pains in sacrum extending down to coccyx, with feeling there when sitting as if an electric battery were attached with needles which were pricking through the skin. amel.
Rising from seat. Attended with milky leucorrhoea.
Kre. cured in three days.
James H. Freer (N. A. J. H., xliv. 489) cured a lady over 80 who suffered from incontinence of urine on the occurrence of a bronchial attack which compelled her to keep her bed.
Villers has reported a case of incontinence agg. when lying down cured by Kre., and this led Freer to the remedy, which rapidly cleared up the case, bronchitis and all. (In Villers' case Kre. 30 was given for "incontinence of urine when lying down" because he had cured with it many cases of uterine haemorrhage occurring only in, or agg. by, the horizontal position.).
H. R., x. 24.) Freer also cured incontinence in a case of locomotor ataxy (man, 74) with Kre. 6. An allopathic authority, Vladimir de Holstein, of Paris (Amer. Hom., xxiv. 93), accidentally cured with 6-drop doses of Kre., given in beer or milk, aggravated constipation in a chlorotic girl. He gave it with the sole idea of "disinfecting" the intestines. The vomiting of Kre. is noteworthy. The most characteristic form is that due to weakness of stomach, which cannot digest, and which rejects a meal undigested some hours after it was eaten. Vomiting of pregnancy, sweetish water with ptyalism.
of cholera infantum. incessant vomiting with cadaverous stools.
in malignant disease of stomach. Gentry has recorded the following Lady, 45, on visiting a friend ill with dysentery, was struck with the odour, went home, commenced to vomit, and vomited all food or drink and continued, without ceasing, vomiting or retching for three weeks, being fed by the rectum all the time. She had to be held up by the nurse. She was greatly emaciated. Kre. 200, one dose given. In twenty minutes the retching ceased. The patient fell asleep, had no more vomiting, and rapidly recovered. Up to this time she had been under allopaths, who advised that homoeopathy should be tried, as they could do no more. Harmar Smith (H. W., xxiii. 496) cured a girl of 10 of very frequent and violent eructation.
she was apparently healthy in other respects. Belladonna Bell. and Pulsatilla Puls. did no good. Argentum Nitricum Arg. n. aggravated. Kre. 2x at once did good and cured in a few days. A fatal case of poisoning with eighteen drops of Kre. has been recorded (H. W., xxix. 344) and brings out many of the symptoms in the cases above quoted. A woman, 52, was given for a pulmonary affection Kre. six drops in milk three times a day. After the third day she had Dysphagia, gastric pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, and a distressing tendency to cough. On admission to hospital twenty-four hours later the breath smelt of Kre. Skin and mucous membranes pale.
Burning pains are a marked feature of Kre. (lupus of nose with burning pains. Chronic pneumonia with pain like red-hot coals in chest).
and stitches are even more characteristic. Itching is intense. Among the peculiar sensations are As if a board was across forehead. As if brain would force through forehead. As if something floating before eyes. As if a hard twisted ball was lying in umbilical region. During defecation children struggle and scream and seem as if they would go into fits. Burning as of hot coals deep in pelvis. As if something coming out of vagina. As if a load was resting on pelvis. As if sternum being crushed in. As of a heavy burden on crest of ilium. As if small of back would break. As if scapulae and other parts bruised. As if tendon of elbow-joint too short. As if small of back would break. As if hip dislocated. As if leg too long when standing. There is general sensitiveness to touch and contact. Marked periodicity is apparent. Intermittent fevers. Prostration and restlessness. Fretful, irritable, apprehensive. Music makes him weep. Weak-minded with suppressed menses. Sufferings from the non-appearance of menses.
hence at change of life. The symptoms are agg. after menstruation.
during leucorrhoea. when yawning. agg. In open air.
cold weather. when growing cold.
from cold washing or bathing. agg. At rest and especially when lying. Leucorrhoea is amel. sitting, agg. standing and walking. Cough compels sitting up all night. Touch agg. Pressure amel. General amel. from warmth. agg. By coitus and after coitus. Hoarseness is amel. by sneezing. Coughing = involuntary micturition. Drawing in limbs alternates with sufferings in the eyes.
A product of distillation of wood tar. Wahle.
Labor-like pains in abdomen, with drawing in upper abdomen extending to small of back, and pressing toward the lumbar vertebrae, with flushes of heat in face, palpitation of heart, frequent pulse and ineffectual.
urging to urinate, finally small quantities of hot urine are passed.
after paroxysm chill and discharge of milky leucorrhoea.
2. Pulsations all over the body, and
3. Profuse bleeding from small wounds.
When these three things arc associated in a high degree Kreosote should be examined. A prick of a pin will cause the oozing of bright red- blood, and mucous membranes bleed easily. Any pressure upon the mucous membranes will cause oozing.
Bleeding here and there about the body. The lachrymation is excoriating. It excoriates the margins of the lids and checks, and they become red and raw, and smart. If there is a purulent discharge it is acrid. The corners of the lips and mouth are red and raw, and' the saliva burns and smarts. The moisture about the mouth, whatever it may be, excoriates and the mouth is raw. The eyes smart and burn as if raw.
The leucorrhoea causes smarting and burning about the vulva, so that the mucous surfaces of the labia are red and raw, sometimes inflamed, but always burning. The vagina burns during coition, and there is bleeding after coition.
granulations of the vagina and os uteri, so that the pressure of the act of coition brings on bleeding and burning, smarting and excoriation. And the male organ will smart and burn after coming in contact with the secretion of the vagina during coition.
The urine burns and smarts. This tendency to excoriation from the excretions and secretions applies to all the tissues of the body.
Every emotion and exciting circumstance is attended with throbbing all over the body, pulsations to the ends of the fingers. Every emotion is attended with tearfulness, Music that will in the slightest way excite the emotion, minor strains and music that strikes home to the heart, pathetic music, will bring out tears that are acrid, and palpitation and pulsations that are felt to the extremities.
When the Kreosote sore throat is present the least pressure of the tongue depressor will establish oozing, little drops of blood will appear. During the coryza there is nosebleed. When the eyes are red and raw and inflamed, they will bleed easily. If an individual pricks the finger the blood will not merely be a single drop, but a good many will flow. Prolonged haemorrhage from the passages.
hemorrhage from the kidneys, from the eyes, the nose, the uterus. Haemorrhage after coition. Tumors bleed easily.
These are the most marked features of Kreosote If these are fixed in your mind, we have what may be known, as a Kreosote constitution out of which may come all the rest of the symptoms in all their minutiae, and little symptoms and fragments in every organ. You have in this one group the strong features of Kreosote No matter how many particulars you may have in a case, if you do not have something of these general features you need not expect to find your patient constitutionally cured or relieved by Kreosote These may be considered essentials.
Mentally the patient is so irritable that there is nothing that will suit him. The wants are so numerous that nothing satisfies. The patient wants everything and is satisfied with nothing, that is, he wants something and when he has it he does not want it. That is the state of irritability and lack of satisfaction in a chronic condition.
You see the child in the mother's arms. It wants a toy, and when given it throws it in the face of somebody; it wants this and that and is never satisfied, always wanting something new, a new toy which it throws away the moment it gets it and then calls for something else.
The lips are red and bleeding, the corners of the month are raw, the eyelids red and the skin excoriated. If it has, in connection with all this, loose passages from the bowels and you examine the fissure between the nates, you will find it is red and raw. If the child be old enough to make such motions he will put the hands upon the sore genitals and fissures and cry out in a most irritable way, because of the smarting.
Such is the Kreosote baby. It may be suffering from cholera infantum; it may be subject to wetting the bed; it may have spells of vomiting, in which it vomits all its food; it is a Kreosote baby.
Kreosote has attacks of diarrhoea and vomiting; all sorts of disturbances of the urine; great distension and trouble with the bowels; abdomen distended from flatus. You look over the whole case at once as a Kreosote case, because of these general features that can be summed up in the aspect of the child.
The Kreosote face has a yellowish pallor; it is a sickly countenance, semi-cachectic, intermingled with blotches that are reddish looking, as if erysipelas were going to set in. In olden times this countenance was called a scorbutic countenance.
Take a woman with this kind of countenance.
at every menstrual flow she complains of much swelling and rawness of the genitals.
the flow is copious, clotted, stops and then starts again, comes too soon and lasts too long.
at times it is black, very foetid, produces rawness upon the thighs and the genitals, with much swelling.
at every menstrual period there is rawness of the lips and fissures in the corners of the mouth.
the tears become acrid.
at the menstrual period all the fluids of the body seem to be acid and they burn wherever they touch.
Very often there is a loose stool, which is also acrid and smarts the anus at the menstrual period. All the symptoms are worse at the menstrual period, sometimes in the early part, sometimes at the middle, sometimes all through, and sometimes at the close. Something more about the scorbutic constitution is brought out in relation to the gums.
the gums become puffed and red and tumid and settle away from the teeth.
They become spongy and bleed easily. In the mouth there is much ulceration and little ulcers spread from aphthous patches, smarting and burning; the tongue has ulcers upon it, which bleed easily upon touch.
Vomiting, bleedings, diarrheas. The fluids vomited from, the stomach are so acrid that they seem to take the skin off from the mouth, set the teeth on edge, make the lips raw. So excoriation from acrid fluids, as well as throbbing all over the body, are features that you must bear in mind with Kreosote
The discharges from the body are offensive.
offensive, bloody, acrid discharges from the nose.
offensive, watery discharges from any part of the body.
sometimes even putrid.
the leucorrhea is very offensive. Rapid emaciation, with spongy, burning ulceration, pus acrid, ichorous, foetid and yellow. Sometimes the inflammatory condition will run so high in an ulcer, only a small ulceration, that gangrene will set in, and hence we have a gangrenous ulceration.
gangrene of parts that are inflamed.
Very low formations occur upon the margins of mucous membranes; crusts form. Indurations under the crusts and the crusts continue to form.
The circulation is so poor, so feeble in the parts all about the margin of the lips and the corners of the mouth, and corners of the eyes, and eyelids, and upon the genitals, and there is so much venous engorgement that crusts form and ulcerate and bleed and pile up, and this continues until a phagedenic spot comes. This condition is so much like epithelioma that Kreosote has cured epithelioma.
There is aggravation from eating cold things and relief from warm diet. In malignant diseases of the stomach when this symptom is present, Kreosote becomes a great palliative.
This palliation will bring more comfort to the stomach than can possibly be brought about by Morphine. I have watched patients under Morphine N/A and under homeopathic medicine, and as a mere matter of comfort I will take the homoeopathic medicines.
Diarrhea Kreosote is a great remedy for diarrheas in the summer, especially for infants. The infant that I described as to his temper may be the infant suffering from the worst form of summer complaint, or having a light attack of cholera infantum. Or he may be "teething," and suffering from the troubles that are sometimes associated with teething. Infants have troubles at the time of teething only because they are sick, and if the child were not in disorder he would not have trouble when teething. Teething is a crisis, and the things that are within will come out at the time, just as there are troubles that are likely to come out at the time of puberty and at the climacteric period.
A marked feature of the Kreosote constitution is that when the desire to urinate comes, he must hurry or the urine will escape The urine is passed during sleep. Bloody urine; clots in the urine; acrid and excoriating urine; weakness of the bladder; inability to hold the urine.
Smarting and burning in the pudenda, during and after micturition.
"Sugar in the urine."
The next striking thing in Kreosote is its stomach symptoms, Soon after eating there comes a burning pain in the stomach, and then a sense of fullness and an increasing nausea, ending in vomiting of the food, which looks as it did when taken.
it looks undigested, but it is sour and acrid, coming up an hour or two after eating. Vomiting, the stomach seems unable to digest, and after the patient empties it there is constant nausea. After a swallow of water a prolonged bitter taste remains in the mouth.
Cholera infantum; profuse vomiting; cadaverous smelling stools.
Haemorrhagic diathesis; small wound bleeds profusely (Phosphorus Phos.).
Acrid, foetid, decomposed, mucous secretions; sometimes ulcerating, bleeding, malignant.
Gums painful, dark red or blue; teeth decay as soon as they come.
Sudden urging to urinate or during first sleep, which is very profound.
There is perhaps no remedy that has a more decided action upon the gums (not even Merc Viv Mercury) than this one. It is not used often enough in painful dentition. The gums are very painful, swell, look dark-red or blue, and the teeth decay almost as soon as they are born. A child that has a mouth full of decayed teeth, with spongy, painful gums, will find its best friend in Kreosote. Cholera infantum in such children is of common occurrence, and is of a very severe type, for the vomiting is incessant and the stools cadaverous smelling. Never forget Kreosote in cholera infantum, which seems to arise from painful dentition. or in connection with it, for I have seen some of the finest effects ever witnessed from any remedy from this one.
I have used it here also in the 200th. Kreosote is also one of our best remedies in other kinds of vomiting; in the vomiting of pregnancy and in that other intractable disease of the stomach, known as gastromalacia. I do not know any characteristic indication for it here.
Kreosote has strong characteristics in regard to urination.
First, it has copious pale urine.
Second, they can't go quick enough, the urging is so great or sudden. (Petroselinum Petroselinum.)
Third, the child wets the bed during first sleep, which is very profound, can hardly wake it. (Sepia Sepia).
Can only urinate when lying. (Zincum Metallicum Zinc. met., only when sitting bent back).
To recapitulate. Bad teeth and gums "from way back," foetid corrosive discharges; great debility and haemorrhagic tendency, should always call to mind this remedy.
MUCOUS MEMBRANES DIGESTIVE TRACT
There are three things that stand out most prominently in Kreosotum, and when they appear together the symptoms in minor degree will be likely to be associated.≡ more ...