Aconitum Napellus - General symptoms

Aconitinum, Aconite, Aconitum, Monkshood, Aconit napel

Boiron and HomeodelWHP - Washington HomeopathicHylands and Standard Homeopathic
Available in 3X-30X, 200X, 2C-30C, 200C, 1M-50M, CM from $6.50
Purchase options
 
HPUS indication of Aconitum Napellus: Fear

Homeopathic remedies are prescribed on the basis that in a tiny dilution like cures like, so while very dilute Aconitum Napellus may help, unprocessed Aconite may be best avoided.

Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Aconite in traditional homeopathic usage, not reviewed by the FDA.

< < Aconite - main page

GENERAL

General

Aconitine (C27 H40 NO10) is obtained from the roots and stems of Aconitum napellus, L.

Aconitum Napellus must not be confounded with "Morson's (English) Aconitine" (same as Nepalin of Flückiger, or Napellin of Wigger, or Pseudo-aconitine of Huebschmann), which is obtained from Aconitum Ferox Aconitum ferox.

(Morning), Confusion etc.

muddled and empty sensation in head heavy and dizzy, etc.

blowing of much bright red blood from nose.

fluent coryza. hiccup.

hurried call to stool.

acute stitches in cardiac region, etc.

weakness in lower legs.

sensation in ankles as if tightly tied, etc.

great exhaustion, etc.

shivering and frequent yawning.

excessive sweat. frequent yawning.

lies asleep on back, etc.

hard red swelling of right upper lid, etc..

(Evening), Confusion of head, etc.

headache. pain in forehead.

pressive headache in vertex.

pressing-out pain in temples, etc.

burning itching in both ears.

face hot. *flying stitches, here and there, etc.

stiff feeling in nape.

warmth of palms. transient stitches, etc.

chilliness. shivering, etc.

rigor down back. prostration, etc.

heat, etc. lachrymation..

(Motion), Confusion in head, etc.

headache, first in vertex, etc.

weariness in neck etc.

painful stiffness in small of back, etc.

tearing pain down arm, etc.

pains in bones of forearm.

acute pain in right forearm, etc.

drawing pain in thighs, etc.

general anxious sensation, etc., chilliness.

severe attack of rigor, etc..

(Walking), Vertigo.

dizzy confusion of head, etc.

the throat symptoms. nausea.

pressive pain in pit of stomach.

shooting in spleen. pain in bladder.

single momentary shock in urethra.

palpitation, etc. pain in loins, etc.

pressure in elbows, knees, hips.

painful pressure in hip-joint.

drawing pain in head of left femur, etc.

stiffness and heaviness of limbs.

great fatigue, etc. pain in patella.

acute, pressing pain in left patella, etc.

sleeping of toes of right foot..

Cough from irritation in larynx, with expectoration of gelatinous mucus, Oppression of chest, relieved by deep inspiration, Chest symptoms worse in evening, Tension and drawing in the lumbar region compelling to bend backward, Trembling of arms and hands (immediately), Burning warmth along dorsum of index finger, Thighs sore to touch, Lascivious dreams,

An intensely white and bright spot, about the size of a small plate, appeared before the eyes both when shut and opened.

it was impossible to determine before which eye it was, though it seemed more nearly in axis of right eye.

it had the refulgence of highly burnished Argentum Metallicum silver, this gradually changed to a straw or light golden color, then the whole field of vision became of a delicate lilac hue, which disappeared to give place to the same spot, which was now of a beautiful and bright azure.

the whole lasted one half hour,.

Shooting pain from right supraorbital ridge, branching out upwards across the forehead to the hairy scalp, sideways to temples, and downwards to the cheeks and into two or three teeth.

increased by pressure, and becoming so excessively violent toward evening, when it was accompanied by constant cough, that all other symptoms were thrown into the shade.

the next day the supraorbital ridge was swollen (15d.),.

Feeling of the most strange distortion of countenance at times, as if a single muscle had bulged out to the size of a pigeon's egg, then as if the whole jaw was thrust to one side, as in partial dislocation.

at other times as if the lower jaw were pushed up or raised into the cavity of the mouth, conveying the idea that the face must look like that of an old man who has lost all his teeth, and in consequence has his lower jaw thrown forwards and upwards (no visible change),.

Several times sensation as if all the muscles of the face were firmly but no spasmodically contracted, attended with a numb, heavy, paralytic feeling of whole face.

similar sensations simultaneously in both arms, from shoulders to the tips of fingers, conveying the idea that the arms were paralyzed, though they obeyed the will perfectly,.

Uvula swollen and elongated.

*the fauces and pharynx injected dark red.

feeling as if an angular many-pointed body were sticking in the throat.

prickling burning in the palate, throat, and along the Eustachian tube, increased by swallowing, with oppression of the chest, headache, and increased flow of saliva.

the throat symptoms were increased by walking in the open air, and relieved after eating,.

On rising in morning, acute lancinating stitches in cardiac region, as if in the pleura costalis, that prevent him assuming an upright posture or breathing deeply, with an inclination to cough.

after rubbing the skin, and making gradual efforts to breathe deeply, these symptoms went off, but that part of the thorax remained sensitive even to external pressure (20 doses 2d dil.),.

At 7 A.M., a gurgling in my bowels, with inclination to pass wind.

on attempting to suppress it, slight tenesmus. Urging to stool, getting more and more violent very quickly.

on trying to act against the pressure on my way to the water-closet, most intense tenesmus (so severe that I had to stand still and take hold of a chair to support the muscular system). All this was accompanied by constant gurgling of fluid in the bowels. Stool gushing out, with relief of tenesmus. Through the day had six more stools all of the same character, of yellow water mixed with white foam, preceded by gurgling, but without pain. One dose of Podophyllum Peltatum Podoph. 30th stopped the diarrhoea (second day). Inclination to stool, which I could control.

no stool (third day). Stool in the evening, of a natural consistency, but of a white-yellow color (fourth day),.

The first doses of from 1/2 grain to 5 grains caused only frequent eructations, diminished appetite, scanty stools, and, somewhat later, a dull headache, especially in the frontal region, lasting some hours. Doses of 5 1/2 to 10 grains caused pressure in abdominal region, distension of the abdomen, slight griping about the navel, nausea, white coating of the tongue, diminished appetite, dryness and scraping in the throat. In addition, a sensation of heaviness in the head, especially in the frontal region, weariness in the limbs, increased warmth in the whole body, ill-humor, with a certain mental restlessness and disturbed sleep, accelerated pulse and palpitation. Larger doses, 20 to 26 grains, aggravated the abdominal symptoms, and, in addition, caused pain in the abdomen, great nausea, great evolution of gas and rumbling in the bowels, increased and prolonged frontal pain, restless sleep troubled by dreams, and at times transient stitches in the praecordial region. In one person the extract caused no effect, except swelling of the tonsils and scanty stool. In another prover, in addition to the preceding, there were the following symptoms nine hours after 24 1/2 grains, violent drawing pain in the back, seated in the lumbar region, so that every movement of the trunk, standing up, stretching out, stooping or sitting down, were very difficult.

the place was also painful to external pressure.

this pain disappeared after five hours, reappeared in the same manner in the abdominal muscles, which became tense like a board. This disappeared after a few hours, leaving only some tension in the abdomen. From a dose of 26 1/2 grains taken two days later, there set in sticking pains in the left hypochondrium, back, and head, and after nine hours tension in the lumbar region. In the same person there was weakness of memory, apparently occurring in connection with the above-mentioned mental restlessness, which did not allow him to fix his attention for any length of time,.

A state of fear, anxiety; anguish of mind and body. Physical and mental restlessness, fright, is the most characteristic manifestation of Aconitum Napellus. Acute, sudden, and violent invasion, with fever, call for it. Does not want to be touched. Sudden and great sinking of strength. Complaints and tension caused by exposure to Dry, cold weather, draft of cold air, checked perspiration, also complaints from Very hot weather, especially gastro-intestinal disturbances, etc. First remedy in inflammation, inflammatory fevers. Serous membranes and muscular tissues affected markedly. Burning in internal parts; Tingling, coldness and numbness. Influenza. TENSION of arteries; emotional and physical mental tension explain many symptoms. When prescribing Aconite remember Aconite causes only functional disturbance, no evidence that it can produce tissue change - its action is brief and Shows no periodicity. Its sphere is in the beginning of an acute disease and not to be continued after pathological change comes. In Hyperaemia, congestion not after exudation has set in. Influenza (Influenzin).

Robust habit

Sudden, violently acute, painful effects, a big storm that soon blows over

Tension Congestion; often apoplectic

Excited nervous and vascular systems

Inflammation

Congestion to head and chest acute

Inflammation internal; rheumatic

Bright red haemorrhage (Belladonna Bell)

Acute senses

Sticking, tearing pains

Parts feel numb, big, burn, tingle, prickle or crawl; remain sore or numb after the pains Neuralgia

Crepitation

Painfully sore externally, with internal heaviness

Collapse

TERROR

ANXIETY

RESTLESS, excited, nervous, feverish, impatient and anxious

Beside himself; frantic from intensity of the pain; WITH FEAR; screams, moans, gnaw the fist, bites the nails (Arsenicum Album Ars---- ), wants to die

Delirium

Convulsions

Sensitive

Music saddens

Anxiety, congestion and pain

Head heavy

As of a hot band about head, or boiling heat in brain

Hair seems on end

Violent squeezing or bursting, in forehead or eyes; crackling in, throbs in l

forehead (r Antimonium Tartaricum Ant-t Belladonna Bell, Ignatia Ign ); aches, with more urine; burning in Shooting in eyeballs

Numb nose; with epistaxis (Belladonna Bell)

Nose runs hot water

Coryza

ANXIOUS LOOK (Spo)

Eyes glitter; stare; bleared; foreign bodies in

Hot, red cheeks

Face ghastly look; alternately red and pale; one cheek red and hot, other pale and cold

Face pales on rising

Faintness

Toothache

Throbbing in teeth and in head

Everything tastes bitter

Water has a bad taste

Chokes on swallowing

BURNING THIRST; craves acids, beer; worse after ices

Appetite milk agrees

Projectile vomiting (Ver-v)

Violent bilious or bloody vomitus

Stools of pure blood; slimy, grass green, or white; worse hot days and cold nights (Dul)

Dysentery

Itching, sticking at anus

Retained, scanty, red or bloody urine

Agonizing dysuria

Cystitis

Urethral chill

Orchitis

Suddenly suppressed menses

Respiration short; during sleep; anxious; hard; sits erect

Dry, hoarse, painful cough, or short, barking, ringing, or whistling cough, worse from every inspiration

Grasps larynx; worse night or drinking

Laryngitis

Croup with fever

Violent rushes of blood to chest

Pneumonia

Stitches in chest

Oppression of left chest

Pleurisy

Heart feels swelled

Carditis

Complaints of heart worse from sitting erect

Palpitation, anxious; with pain down l

Red finger-tips

Powerless legs

Red, shining swelling

DRY, HOT SKIN, or as if ice water on it

Miliary eruptions

Sleepless and nervous

Pulse fast, bounding, shaking, forcible and tumultuous or wiry

Pulse very irritable

Arterial tension (Ver-v)

CHILL; in waves; alternates with heat

HIGH FEVER

Dry, burning heat; in eyelids; nose, mouth, throat, lungs; on palms; must uncover

Sweat on uncovered parts; wants covers; drenching

Back and sacrum feel bruised

Remote effects of fright (OP N/A )

Cries out and grasps genitals

Aconitine. Aconitia. C33 H45 NO12. An alkaloid obtained from the roots and stems of Aconitum napellus. It is contained in all species of Aconite except A. lycoctonum.

Our knowledge of this alkaloid is chiefly derived from cases of poisoning and over-dosing. The numbness, tingling, prickling and heat of the Aconite provings are produced by the alkaloid, but with increased intensity. On local application, first there is sensation of warmth, then of burning with sharp pains and itching.

feeling of sickness. constricting burning sensation, extending from mouth to stomach. Twitchings and spasms over whole body, especially in face. All symptoms are amel. by vomiting. In one poisoning case "vomiting recurred every two or three minutes, and was performed by a sudden jerking action of abdominal muscles, accompanied by a loud shout, probably dependent on a sudden contraction of the diaphragm. Every attempt to swallow was followed by the spasmodic contractions So characteristic of hydrophobia, but they were not renewed by the sight of water. The slightest touch renewed the spasms." Aconitine should be helpful in cases of hydrophobia, whether of the convulsive or the paralytic kind. The senses are disordered or lost-sight, hearing, smell. In one poisoning case the blindness was coincident with sudden dilatation of the pupils, and sight partially returned as the pupils contracted. A heavy feeling as of lead all over the body. All parts except head and stomach feel as if filled with lead. Neuralgia of 5th nerve. Creeping on face with feeling of swelling and tension. Pains in supraorbital nerve were especially prominent. Post-mortem examinations show the spleen very much enlarged.

posterior part of liver dark and almost black. Kidneys hyperaemic. The symptoms of Aconitine set in with great rapidity, and develop with extreme intensity. If recovery occurs it is rapid and complete. There is relaxation of the limbs and every exertion agg. the symptoms. agg. By mental exertion.

by agitation. agg. By touch. Erect position = nausea (M).

Monkshood. Hahnemann. Ranunculaceae.

Like a great storm, it comes and sweeps over and passes away. By a little meditation we will discover what kind of sickness all this is like, and what kind of a patient is most likely to have that short, sudden sickness.

If we think a moment from experience and homoeopathic observation, we will remember that vigorous, plethoric individuals, when they take cold, come down violently, whereas feeble people, sickly people, come down and recover slowly from acute diseases, and do not become so violently and so suddenly sick.

From this, and from examining the sudden effects of Aconite, it will be easy to see that persons who come down with Aconite sicknesses are plethoric individuals.

Strong, robust people, rugged children and infants become sick, not a very slight cold, or from slight exposure, but from more violent exposure. From being exposed with deficient clothing; from (sudden, violent changes; from prolonged exposure to the cold, north, dry wind.)

A vigorous person caught out with thin clothing, or remaining out in the cold, dry air of mid-winter, with its sudden, violent changes, comes down even before night with violent symptoms. This is the class of patients, the plethoric and vigorous, who have a strong heart, active brain, vigorous circulation, and come down suddenly from violent exposure, that need Aconite

Aconite has in its nature none of the results usually following inflammation. The storm is over so quickly that it seems mostly to conform to the earlier condition. In these vigorous patients sudden congestions are likely to be thrown off by good reaction.

s Attacks come on suddenly from exposure to a dry, cold wind. In plethoric children we have an illustration of that in, the sudden congestion of the brain with intense fever, or with convulsions.

We get illustrations of its suddenness and violence in any organ of the body, the brain, the lungs, the liver, the blood, the kidneys. It is suited to the complaints that come on suddenly from the very cold weather of winter, or from the intensely hot weather of summer.

It has the lung and brain complaints of winter, and the bowel inflammations and stomach disorders of summer. We know how these plethoric individuals become suddenly overheated and become violently sick.

Their sudden attacks are frightful to look upon. All these inflammatory conditions are attended with great excitement of the circulation, violent action of the heart, a tremendous turmoil of the brain, a violent shock. with intense fear.

The patient feels the violence of his sickness, for he is under great nervous irritation and excitement.

He says

"Doctor, there is no use; I am going to die."

When we see this intense fear, this awful. anxiety, great restlessness, the violence and the suddenness of these attacks, we have a case, perhaps, that is dying from the poison of Aconite, or one who needs Aconite

One who has a sickness resembling the poison of Aconite needs the smallest possible dose of Aconite It is a very short-acting medicine, and that must be remembered.

It hardly matters what part of the body we are considering we will find inflammatory conditions. But regardless of the region or the locality of the inflammation, that which I have described is the appearance of the patient. Such are the symptoms that will stand out, that you will observe first - the appearance of the face, the mind symptoms, the restlessness, the intensity.

Now, there are many little mental symptoms that are of much less importance than this fear, this anxiety, symptoms that will be masked by these marked symptoms that indicate the patient. He has lost all affection for his friends. He does not care what becomes of them, he has not the slightest interest in them. It sometimes may be a state of indifference.

What I have brought out will enable one to readily see that this picture does not belong to all the remedies in the Materia Medica. In fact, it belongs only to Aconite No matter what remedy you compare this with, you would find it only under Aconite

You will find some of the features in the text under other remedies, but those which I have mentioned collectively will be found only under Aconite

Take the mental symptoms, intensity marks every one of them. If it is a delirium, it is an intense delirium, with excitement, with fear, with anxiety

Patients in delirium, with excitement and fear, will weep, as in great torment.

There is moaning and irritability, anger, throwing things away, all attended. with the violence and anxiety. These features that I described as uppermost are intermingled with all the other symptoms.

"Screams with pain."

The pains are like knives, they are stinging, cutting, stabbing. The intensity of the Aconite suffering is wonderful, so that if the nerves take on neuralgic pains the pains are intense It is the feeling that some awful thing must be upon him or he could not have such dreadful suffering.

Aconitum Napellus to a great extent is the result of the awfulness that seems to be overwhelming him. And this mental picture is always present, in pneumonia, in inflammatory conditions of any part of the body, in inflammation of the kidneys, of the liver, of the bowels, etc.

"Vertigo, turning and whirling."

A woman out shopping runs up suddenly against a dog and becomes violently dizzy, she cannot even get to her carriage.

"Vertigo that comes on from fear, from sudden fear, and the fear of the fright remains."

There is a remnant of that fear left, but it will lead you no more strongly towards Opium N/A

"Complaints from fear. Inflammation of the brain from fear, dizziness from fear."

Even congestion of parts as a result of fear. A turmoil in the whole sensorium. Things go round and round.

Catarrh stops suddenly in plethoric people, from exposure, from riding in the dry, cold wind such as we have in this northern climate in winter.

"Violent headache over the eyes.

Congestion of the brain, with congestive headache, with anxiety, with hot face."

Sudden inflammation of all the tissues; conjunctivitis, etc., from taking cold, from exposure to dry, cold winds.

There is a teaching that has long prevailed give Aconite for the first stage of an inflammation. It is not good teaching, although it is recommended in all of our books. It does not say for what kind, of a constitution, or how it comes about.

Do not practice that way. Get all the elements for an Aconite case, if possible, or give a better remedy. Another practice has prevailed, viz., giving Aconite for fever. Aconite was the fever remedy of many of our early routinists, but it is a bad practice.

Aconite has an inflammation of the eyes that comes on so suddenly that one wonders how that inflammation came in so short a time.

The eyes take on great swelling without any discharge, or only very watery mucus. The sudden inflammations that come on with thick discharges would never be Aconite

With the Aconite fever there will be sensitiveness to light.

"Great restlessness with fever."

Give Aconite only when the symptoms agree. An inflammation that is about to run a prolonged course, to take on suppuration, or if it is mucous membrane to take on discharge of pus, will never show you the symptoms of Aconite

Never give Aconite for any form of zymosis, for it has no zymotic history. There should be no thought of Aconite in the slow coming, continued fever. Aconite has no symptoms like the slow types of continued fevers.

The Aconite fever is generally one short, sharp attack of fever. It is in no way related to an intermittent fever, as it has no such symptoms.

You might find something that would deceive you in one attack of intermittent fever, but the very fact that there was a second one would shut out Aconite Some remedies have periodically or waves, Aconite has no such a condition.

The most violent attack of fever will subside in a night if Aconite is the remedy. If it is not it is a pity that you made a mistake in giving it, for it will sometimes do mischief. All things that exist in a sickness must be taken into account, not only what the remedy does cover, but what it does not cover.

Aconite has inflammation of the eyes, with burning and sudden swelling; the lids swell so rapidly that they cannot be opened except with great difficulty, and when they are forced open by seizing the margins of the lids with a pair of forceps drops of hot water will fall out, but no pus.

Aconitum Napellus comes on rapidly from taking cold. Whenever there are inflammations of the mucous surfaces bloody water is apt to flow.

Suddenly the blood vessels become engorged and ooze, the blood vessels rupture and the capillaries ooze.

"Throbbing, intense, cutting pains in the ear."

The child comes home after being out in the cold north wind, and is not sufficiently clad, and now it screams and puts its hand to the ear. The attack comes on early in the evening, after being out in the daytime.

Everywhere in the body will we find that same intense condition of the nerves. Wherever there are complaints they are intense, violent, and the patient is always in a state of anxiety and irritability.

"Stinging, burning, rending, tearing, cutting pains in the ear."

Coryza Coryza if attended with violent headache, coming on in the night after exposure and taking cold during the day, suddenly, this short acting, very quick-acting remedy will be indicated.

The coryza that comes on from Carbo Veg Carbo veg comes on several days after the exposure. The coryza that comes on from Sulphur Sulphur also develops several days after the exposure.

The Carbo Veg Carbo veg patient becomes overheated and takes cold by keeping on his overcoat when he comes into your office. In Aconite he goes out in cold air with his light clothing, and comes down, if he is a plethoric individual, before midnight.

But especially is it often indicated in the coryza of the rosy, chubby, plethoric baby. Not in the sickly or pale ones.

These sickly ones will come down later; their vital activities are so reduced that their complaints do not come on sometimes for two, or three days.

So that if you take a sickly one and a vigorous one in the same family and expose them both one will have croup tonight and need Aconite, and the other will have it the next morning and need Hep Sulph Calc Hepar

Look at the face; there is great anxiety. It shows much of the proving of Aconite You know there is much in the expression of the face that will enable one to read all that is going on in the body; it tells the story,

The pleasures and sadness, and the distress of the human family, much of which you can generalize, and see at a glance that some great thing has happened. You have only to guess once or twice before you hit it. Here you have the anxiety.

"One cheek red and the other pale" is in a good many remedies, but the anxious expression, and the fear, and the heat, and the restlessness, and the suddenness with which it comes on in a plethoric individual yesterday it was very dry and windy - and you will at once place this symptom with Aconite

But it might be one of several other remedies, were other conditions present.

"Neuralgic pains in the face, like hot wires running along either side of the face."

The individual rides in the cold, raw wind, and his face was exposed to the cold wind. He becomes numb, then pain sets in, intense pain.

He cries out and shrieks with the knife-like cutting pains. Aconite will relieve.

"Crawling, creeping like ants"; Aconite has that sensation along the course of the nerves. It has a sensation like ice water poured along the course of the nerves.

Sciatica when the sensation is felt down the nerve like ice water.

"Creeping, tingling and crawling in the face, with or without pain."

There is intense heat intense fever in the face. The side of the face laid on will often break into a sweat, and if the patient turns over, that side will at once become dry, and the other side will at once break out in a sweat.

It has been so useful in toothache that nearly every old lady nowadays knows enough to put a drop of Aconite on a bit of cotton and put it in the old hollow tooth. It will quite often palliate.

A dose of Aconite will act much better. But the violence of the toothache; again the same old story, from the dry, cold winds, plethoric individuals, with hollow teeth, pain intense, cutting, shooting pains in the teeth.

Sometimes these pains are in sound teeth and affect the whole row of teeth. Violent pains from exposure, such as riding in the wind. The pains are relieved and go away speedily after a dose of Aconite

Disturbances of taste, disordered stomach. Everything tastes bitter, except water; and, oh, how the Aconite patient longs for water. It seems almost impossible for him to get water enough and it agrees well.

Burning is a symptom that runs all through the remedy, you will find it descriptive of all the pains. Burning in the head, burning along the course of nerves, burning in the spine, burning in fever, sometimes burning as if covered with pepper.

Sometimes the soft palate is greatly swollen. A high grade of inflammation, acute inflammation of all that can be seen and called throat. But that alone would not indicate Aconite

It cures that kind of case, it cures inflammation of the throat, but every homoeopathic physician knows that forty or fifty remedies could be selected just as well as Aconite from all that I have said.

I have only mentioned a nondescript case. No homoeopathic physician could prescribe upon that kind of evidence.

But you note the kind of throat - every physician must ask himself the question

"What would make that kind of a throat an Aconite case?"

And then the question would come up, could he not prescribe for it as well if he had not seen, the throat?

The throat does not do much towards representing, to an intelligent physician, the patient.

If it was necessary to represent to the mind of the physician the inflamed part itself, how would he treat the liver?

He cannot see it. How would he prescribe for the stomach? He cannot see it. We are then compelled to fall back upon that which represents to the intelligent physician the very nature of the patient himself, and then at once we will see the reason for some of these things.

If you present and Aconite patient well before the mind you can prescribe. It would be well to see anything that is visible. If you could see, the liver, I would say look at it. If you could see the heart, I would say examine it.

What is it in this throat that really represents the patient?

Of course, any soreness of the throat makes it difficult swallow. I mean to infer that there is nothing in the soreness to represent to the physician the Aconite patient. If that individual were a plethoric individual, if he had been riding in a cold, raw wind a good part of the day, and he had wakened in the night with a violent burning, tearing sore throat, and he could not swallow, and the fever came on high, and he had thirst for cold water and he could not get enough of it, he was in an anxious, feverish state, you have then a patient to prescribe for.

Many times will patients become intelligent enough under your observation to write just what some member of the family acts like. You know just what the patient looks like.

The black man will sometimes give the best kind of a description, better than the Vassar girl, who writes us

"Doctor, will you please send the medicine have looked into the throat and it is red."

Burning pains, tearing pains, with anxiety, with restlessness, with fever, coming on from taking cold - not from overeating, but from taking cold, which has settled in the stomach; from exposure to an ice bath, or in a very hot summer from intense heat, associated with an irritable brain in vigorous children.

Vomiting and retching, tearing, as it were, the very inside out by the awful retching. The vomiting of blood, bright red blood.

Aconitum Napellus is descriptive of the general stomach trouble. During this febrile state he craves bitter things, wine and beer, and brandy, but they will come up as soon as they reach the stomach.

He craves pungent things, nothing tastes bitter enough.

"If he could only get something bitter." And yet his food tastes bitter, everything he eats tastes bitter, everything except water.

The word in the text is a clinical word; it says "gastric catarrhs"

It is a very sharp, acute inflammation of the stomach. Retching, vomiting, of bile, vomiting of blood. Ineffectual urging to vomit, when there is nothing in the stomach.

Aconite is a useful medicine in inflammation of the liver, when it comes suddenly. It is not very useful in repeated attacks, but in the first attack.

"Anxious restlessness" covers nearly all of these things.

We will soon come to think that it does not make much difference where the disorder occurs, we must have the Aconite patient.

We also have inflammatory troubles of all the viscera of the abdomen. It may be a violent catarrhal inflammation. It may be a catarrhal condition of the lower portion of the colon, or a catarrhal condition of the rectum, when we will have a dysentery.

In dysentery, that which is found in the commode is almost pure blood, blood and a little slime. It seems impossible for him to leave the commode.

The whole body is in a state of anguish, but the tenesmus and cramp, the urging to stool are simply terrible. It has a watery diarrhea, but that is not a very important symptom, although it is doubly marked in Hering.

But when pure blood is passed, and mucus, with tenesmus, or when a little green mucus is passed by infants with summer troubles, pure blood or grass-green discharges with fever coming on suddenly, in bright, rosy little ones, think of Aconite

Most of the bowel troubles come on from intense heat, in the children. The infant takes on inflammation of the liver from the heat, and the stool becomes white like milk, of putty consistency. The child becomes yellow and screams with pain.

Scanty urine, suppressed urine, or retained urine. Retention from shock. This retention from shock makes it one of our best remedies for retention in the new-born.

The infant just born into the world has undergone a shock.

At your next visit the nurse says,

"The child has not passed urine."

The functions of that little one are not yet established, because of the great shock the little one has gone through.

Inflammation of the bladder, with cutting, tearing pains. Burning pains with burning urine. Urine is hot, dark, colored red; red and clear, or bloody.

Retention from cold, especially in children, with crying and restlessness. With inflammatory conditions of the bladder, either in adults or in infants, there will be all the mental states representing the Aconite patient.

Orchitis from cold, from being chilled, in plethoric men. But in the common orchitis from suppressed gonorrhoeal discharges Aconite is useless.

The woman is a natural Aconite patient, with her sympathetic natural sensitiveness. She usually takes on complaints from nervous shock, from fear, and she naturally takes on complaints from causes other than those from which men take on sickness.

It is very seldom that fear will give a man inflammation, but fear is a common cause of inflammation of the uterus, and of the ovaries, in plethoric, vigorous, excitable women.

Fear will often cause abortion, but when Aconite is given early enough it will check the abortion that comes from fear.

We will have the stitching, burning, tearing pains of Aconite sometimes following fear or sudden emotion.

Sometimes a pregnant woman will say,

"Doctor, there is no use your planning for my confinement.

I know I am going to die in that confinement."

If there is any one thing that is a really strong symptom to prescribe on it is that, A dose of Aconite, and then change the subject, she goes away, and in a few days you ask her about that fear and she says, "Oh, never mind that."

Many little things like that can be singled out. But that state of fear is a very peculiar thing, and really represents the whole nature and being of the woman.

"Inflammation of the genitals in plethoric women."

Aconite is more frequently indicated in women and children than in men. Sensitive, vigorous, excitable women.

It is indicated in men in inflammatory conditions from becoming chilled in dry, cold air, and it is wonderful how you can convince a patient who needs Aconite what wonderful things there are in Homoeopathy by showing him how rapidly, with Aconite, you can put him in a sweat and break up a sharp fever when that is a recent and single attack.

"After tedious and difficult parturition.

Violent after-pains.

Shooting, tearing after-pains, with febrile conditions."

The first is a simple form, non-septic; perhaps the breast is involved, with soreness in the breast, suppression of the milk and febrile conditions; but if there is suppression of the lochia do not give Aconite

New-born children, with difficulty of breathing, after the use of forceps, or from a tedious labor; the child is breathless, there is difficulty with the heart, and in a few hours fever comes on. Aconite is a very simple remedy.

The retention of urine in the infant is so commonly an Aconite condition that you will hardly ever need to use any other medicine.

The little one cannot yet talk, it cannot manifest very much, and, to a certain extent, the practitioner is compelled to be somewhat routine in these affairs, and the routine practitioners have been more or less successful with Aconite for the retention of the urine. Again, it is true that in many cases, of retention of the urine in the mother, it will disappear after a dose of Causticum Causticum.

The child is put to bed and rouses up from the first sleep, perhaps at 9 or 10 or 11 o'clock, grasps the throat, coughs violently, a croupy, choking cough, with hoarse bark.

Hardly any other remedy can correspond to that rapidity of action, taking cold in the daytime and developing itself so suddenly.

Croup that comes on from exposure today, and does not develop until tomorrow morning or tomorrow evening, may correspond to quite a number of other remedies but especially Hep Sulph Calc Hepar, which is slower in its pace.

And it is more suitable in children somewhat run down and subject to frequent attacks of croup.

Spongia Tosta Spongia is also similar, but it lacks many of the elements more likely to occur in run-down children, those always taking cold.

It would be a difficult matter to distinguish between the appearance of the Aconite and the Spongia Tosta Spongia croup so far as the croup is concerned, because both have all the anxious appearance found in croup.

The Aconite croup is a violent croup, inflammation of the larynx, and, at the same time, spasms of the larynx, coming on with great rapidity.

The Spongia Tosta Spongia croup is less inflammatory, the inflammation grows with the spasms.

but while Spongia Tosta Spongia may rouse up at 11 o'clock at night, suffocating and choking, it has not the intense febrile excitement that belongs to Aconite, nor the anguish, although it has all the dryness that is found in Aconite.

Aconite conditions are dry as a usual thing, or there is only a little watery discharge.

Spongia Tosta Spongia is entirely dry; if there is an inflamed mucous membrane, it is dry. We have in the croup symptoms in Aconite Larynx sensitive to touch.

"Croup, waking in first sleep, after exposure to dry, cold winds."

It is indicated in that dyspnoea that belongs to capillary bronchitis, in that dyspnoea that belongs to cardiac excitement in plethoric persons, from taking cold, becoming exposed or from shock.

Dyspnoea from fear, such as occurs in nervous women, excitable, easily affected, nervous, plethoric women. Breathing short, labored, anxious, quick,

It is an asthmatic dyspnoea and there is usually dryness of the mucous membranes of the small bronchial tubes.

"Sits up straight and can hardly breathe."

Aconite has such a sudden violent cardiac irritation, pulse fluttering, weak, full and bounding; sits up in bed, grasps the throat, wants everything thrown off; before midnight, a hot skin, great thirst, great fear-everything is associated together.

"Anguish with dyspnoea.

Sudden attacks of pain in the heart, with dyspnoea." All go together.

"Great suffocation"

From this fear and from anxiety he breaks out in profuse sweat; he is drenched with sweat - and yet he is hot.

When this anxiety passes off he becomes hot. So there is heat and sweat with this awful anxiety. Pulse like a thread.

"Better during expiration."

The spasm of the larynx often comes on during inspiration.

"Worse during inspiration.

Constant short, dry cough.

Difficult breathing.

Breathes only with the diaphragm.

Aconite produces a very rapid inflammation of the viscera of the chest, of the pleura, of the lungs, of the mucous membrane lining the air passages. In pneumonia we have this dyspnoea, the suddenness with which it comes on. If it spreads rapidly it may go into pneumonia.

Inflammation runs so high that the mucous membrane oozes blood, cherry red, or the mucus that comes up is white and heavily streaked with bright red blood.

In the case of pneumonia where the lung is involved, it is likely to be the upper half of the left lung when Aconite is indicated.

Sometimes the whole mucous membrane, the visible throat, the larynx, trachea, the bronchial tubes, will all ooze blood, sometimes a mouthful of blood, so violent is the inflammation.

In these chest troubles there is much pain. Shooting, burning, tearing pains, and the patient is compelled to lie in a somewhat elevated position, on the back.

Cannot lie upon either side, but upon the back. Lying on the side increases the pain. The dry cold winds. Sudden shocks, in persons of good, strong, vigorous circulation. The Haemoptysis that is spoken of is not such as occurs in phthisis, but is involuntary; the blood comes up with a slight cough.

Some one might be deceived to give it in such cases in broken down constitutions in sickly patients; but it is not to be administered in such cases, we have much better remedies.

The patient does not always become a pneumonia patient, but inflammation of the small air passages may be all that is present.

"Dry cough, vomiting and retching, intense fever, spitting of blood."

No expectoration except a little watery mucus and blood. It occurs a good deal in this way.

Dry cough, sensation of dryness of the whole chest, sensation of dryness in the larynx and throat. Pours down great quantities of cold water, and once in a while after a violent coughing spell he gets up a little blood. But the expectoration is generally mucus.

Pneumonia is generally attended with an expectoration looking like iron rust, as if iron rust had been mixed in with it. Such medicines as Bryonia Bryonia and Rhus Tox Rhus tox, and a few others have that expectoration as a common feature, as natural to the remedies themselves, but Aconite is the cherry - red, bright red expectoration. Aconitum Napellus's hemorrhages are bright red, and sometimes copious.

All these coughs in pneumonia, in croup, and chest troubles come on suddenly, and if he goes to sleep he will have spasm of the larynx, with dryness of the larynx. He goes to sleep and the larynx becomes dry and he wakes up and grasps his larynx; he thinks he is going to choke.

All these come on from cold winds. Vigorous persons get into a draft and get a chill that will bring on Aconite symptoms.

Aconite has in all inflamed parts a sensation as if hot steam were rushing into the parts, as if warm blood were rushing into the parts, or "flushes of heat in the parts" Along nerves, a sensation of heat, or sensation of cold.

The pulse in the highest form of the fever is full and bounding; strong, vigorous pulse. When the attack is first coming on and the awful anxiety and nerve tension are present the pulse is very small, but after the heart's action is well established, then the pulse becomes stronger.

"Tearing pains down the spine.

Painful, stiff neck.

Crawling in the spine like insects".

That is a peculiar feature, this crawling sensation; it comes from cold, from being suddenly chilled.

"Creeping pains in the fingers" associated with these sudden acute inflammatory attacks.

"Cold as ice. Feet cold as ice.

Hot palms."

Hot hands and cold feet are sometimes present. Rheumatic conditions of the joints. Those that come on as a first attack. Not old rheumatic and gouty attacks, but those that come on as acute rheumatism, those that come on from sudden exposure to cold, from long rides in a dry, cold wind.

They also are attended with fever, with anxious restlessness, with a critical state of mind so often described.

"Trembling, tingling, convulsions of the muscles."

But the nerves are full of Aconite symptoms and Aconite sufferings. Aconite is a wonderful remedy for neuritis in plethoric persons.

Numbness along the course of the nerves, from cold, from exposure. Numbness and tingling, along the course of the nerves, especially those that run close to the surface.

"Inflammation of the nerve sheaths.

Nervous excitability.

Excessive restlessness."

In sudden attacks that Aconite conforms to, that is the whole attack, there may be left in that constitution a tendency to return of a similar attack.

Aconite has no power over that tendency, but Sulphur Sulphur has. Of course, most of the symptoms must agree but it will seem to you frequently where Aconite has been suitable in the acute disease that Sulphur Sulphur symptoms will follow, and many times a very violent attack leaves a weakness in the constitution which Aconite has no power to contend with. It has no power to keep off recurrent attacks. It does all that it is capable of doing, and that is the end of it. But it is not so with Sulphur Sulphur

After Aconite follow well Arnica Arnica and Belladonna Belladonna. Sometimes it is true it will appear to you that Aconite is capable of coping with all there is in the disease.

But there seems to be a lingering something that holds on, and such medicines as Arnica Arn. and Belladonna Bell., and Ipecacuanha Ip. and Bryonia Bry., do have to come in to finish up the attack or sometimes Sulphur Sulphur Very commonly Silicea Silica So we have to study the relations of medicines.

If you have administered Aconite in too many doses, or given it too strong, and your patient is slow in recovering from the attack, or your patient has taken Aconite himself unwisely, then Coffea Tosta Coffea or Nux Vomica Nux will often put the patient into a better condition.

Complaints from exposure to cold, dry cold.

Congestions and inflammations, acute, first stage with great anxiety, heat and restlessness; tosses about in agony; throws off covering. Inflammatory fever.

Pains insuppressable worse at night, especially in the evening; neuralgic.

Face very red and flushed, but turns pale on rising up.

Favorite points of attack Larynx (crop), bronchi (bronchitis), lungs and pleura (pneumonia and pleurisy), joints (rheumatism), heart and circulation (erethism).

Modalities worse in the evening (chest symptoms and pains); lying on left side; in warm room or warm covering; better uncovering; kicks the clothes off.


We will now take up what I call the trio of restless remedies; viz Aconite, Arsenicum Album Arsenicum and Rhus Tox Rhus toxicodendron.

All are equally restless, yet all are so very different that there is no difficulty in choosing between them. The Aconite restlessness is oftenest found in a high grade of synochal or inflammatory fevers. There is no better picture in a few words of the Aconite fever than is given by Hering -"Heat, with thirst; hard, full and frequent pulse, anxious impatience, inappeasable, beside himself, tossing about with agony.".

The custom of alternating Aconite and Belladonna Belladonna in inflammatory affections, which so widely prevails is a senseless one. Both remedies cannot be indicated at a time, and if a good effect follows their administration you may be sure that the indicated one cured in spite of the action of the other, which only hindered; or that the patient recovered without help from either. There are many cases of this kind where the doctor is congratulating himself on a cure which was only a recovery, for which he deserves no credit at all. Let us look for a moment at some of the diagnostic differences of these two remedies.

Both have great heat of the skin, but Aconite has characteristically dry, hot skin and no sweat; Belladonna Belladonna has even greater surface heat, but sweats on covered parts.

Belladonna Belladonna often has semi-stupor and jerks and twitches in sleep. Aconite has great distress in heart and chest.

Belladonna Belladonna fears imaginary things, with delirium. Thus we might continue to give points of difference. No man who understands the homoeopathic art of healing will ever alternate these two remedies.

Aconite is also a great pain remedy. If we were to name the three leading remedies in this respect it would be Aconite, Chamomilla Chamomilla and Coffea Tosta Coffea. The Aconite pains are always attended by the extreme restlessness, anxiety and fearfulness of this remedy. The patient tosses about in agony, "cannot bear the pain, nor bear to be touched, nor to be uncovered." Well, you say, all remedies have pain. Not all, and not many so intense pain. Opium N/A and Stramonium Stramonium have painlessness oftener than pain. The Aconite pains are intolerable and generally worse in the evening or at night. Then we have often alternating with or sometimes even in conjunction with the pains numbness, tingling, or formication.

True words, and as one reads them who has proved their truthfulness and remembers they great author, he feels like exclaiming, "Being dead, yet speaketh." Aconite has two very important modalities, viz., fright and dry cold air. We have already noticed the value of the fear of Aconite as a symptom, connected with acute inflammatory ailments. It is no less a remedy for ailments brought on by fright, either immediate or remote. The patient has received a fright in the dark and is always afraid in the dark afterwards. From fright vertigo comes on, or fainting; trembling. threatened abortion, or suppressed menstruation, Jaundice may be induced by it, and become chronic. There are other remedies for fright, prominent among which are Opium N/A , Ignatia Ignatia, Veratrum Album Veratrum album, etc. Now in regard to the dry cold air. No remedy has more prominently acute inflammations arising from dry, cold air. Nineteen out of twenty cases of croup arising from exposure to dry, cold air will be cured by Aconite. I live in a locality where croup abounds and have had abundant opportunity to verify this. Pleurisy, pneumonia and rheumatism also come under this head, and they are, as would be expected, almost invariably accompanied by the high fever, anguish, restlessness and fear so characteristic of this remedy. Any local congestion or inflammation coming from such exposure also comes under the same rule, always providing the other symptoms corresponds The other leading dry air remedies are Bryonia Bryonia, Causticum Causticum, Hep Sulph Calc Hepar sulph., and Nux Vomica Nux vomica. Here are some wet weather remedies Dulcamara Dulcamara, Nux Moschata Nux moschata, Natrum Sulphuricum Natrum sulphuricum and Rhus Tox Rhus toxicodendron. Such things are well to remember, for one positive indication is worth two or three vague ones.

Clinical

Blindness. Chill. Convulsions. Deafness. Dyspnoea. Ears, noises in. Hemicrania. Hydrophobia. Landry's paralysis. Liver, enlargement of. Neuralgia. Oesophagus, spasms of. Spasms. Spleen, enlargement of. Tetanus. Tongue, affections of. Trismus. Vomiting.

Introduction

Aconite is a short-acting remedy. Aconitum Napellus's symptoms do not last long. It is a violent poison in large doses, either destroying life or passing away in its effects quite soon, so that if the patient recovers, the recovery is not delayed. There are no chronic diseases following it.

Region

MIND Brain

NERVES Medulla

Sympathetic

Vagus

Respiratory centre

HEART Arterial

Circulation

Viscera Larynx

Chest Abdomen

Joints