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Carduus Marianus - General symptoms

St. Mary's Thistle, Caruus Marianus, Caardus Marianus, Caarduus Card-m.

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HPUS indication of Carduus Marianus: Nausea
Carduus Marianus

Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Carduus Marianus in traditional homeopathic usage, not approved by the FDA.

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C. marianus, Gaertn. Nat. order, Compositae. (Old generic name, Silybum.) Preparation, Tincture of the seeds.

Authority. Reil, proving with 5 to 50 drops of the tincture, and with repeated doses of an infusion of the seeds, Hom. Vierteljahrschrift, 3, 453 (translated in N. Am. J. of Hom., 3, 379).

Urine wheyey, yellowish-brown, diminished in quantity, acid (twentieth day).

the next day the same, but after standing from six to eight hours, it deposited a sediment, consisting chiefly of common salt and lime.

experiments with solution of sugar and Sulphuricum Acidum sulphuric acid gave traces of the coloring matter of the bile in the urine.

The action of Carduus Marianus is centered in the liver, and portal system, causing soreness, pain, jaundice. Has specific relation to the vascular system. Abuse of alcoholic beverages, especially beer. Varicose veins and ulcers. Diseases of miners, associated with asthma. Dropsical conditions depending on liver disease, and when due to pelvic congestion and hepatic disease. Disturbs sugar metabolism. Influenza when liver is affected. Debility. Hemorrhages, especially connected with hepatic disease.

Hepato-haemorrhagic diathesis (Bur-p)





Dull frontal headache

Dirty, yellow complexion

Weak upper lip and [right] tongue

Tongue has white center with red, indented edges

Vomits acrid bile or blood

High diaphragm

Liver engorged; swelled laterally

Gall-stones (Leptandra Virginica Lept)


Knotty, clayey stools Golden yellow urine Asthma


Broken or hard thrombosed veins

Silybum. N. O. Compositae. Tincture or trituration of the seeds.

To Rademacher we are principally indebted for Carduus Marianus.

It is with him primarily an hepatic all its manifestations originating in some disorder of the liver.

According to Burnett the greatest effect of Card. m. is felt on the spleen and liver, especially the splenic end of the liver.

G. F. Laidlaw (H. M., xxxiv. 686) gives a condensed translation of Rademacher's remarks about Card. m. He regards haematemesis as most frequently due to chronic disease of the spleen; less frequently to disease of the liver.

People who have long suffered from pains in left hypochondrium are apt to vomit blood, after which they are relieved.

Rademacher regards the bleeding as often beneficial, and says it should not be checked too soon.

In the treatment of haematemesis he says it is best to use a remedy that acts on the epigastric region without irritating the stomach and interfering with the healing of the lesion.

Such a remedy he found in a decoction of the seeds of Card. mar.

He used to give Opium before, but this, he says, in some people "produces an array of symptoms similar to those seen in severe haemorrhage, and might aggravate the condition." He adds "It is probable that many small haemorrhages of the stomach escape notice because there is no vomiting, and that it is in this manner that obscure abdominal complaints are sometimes suddenly relieved or cured." The liver enlargement of Carduus Benedictus Carduus m. is in the transverse direction (that of Chelidonium Majus Chel. being more vertical).

Burnett relates the case of a girl of sixteen who had had severe attacks of vomiting for three months, with pains in abdomen.

The vomiting was relieved by remedies symptomatically related, but the pains were not.

An examination showed "liver and spleen both very much enlarged so that they seem to fill the abdomen." Card. m. Ø gtt. v. night and morning soon cured the patient.

Dudgeon has given an account of Windelband's and Kunze's experience with the remedy.

Windelband in treating a woman for chronic swelling of the liver with Card. m., incidentally cured at the same time some "colossal" varicose ulcers.

Carduus Marianus experience led him to cure a large number of like cases with the same remedy.

He also cured gastro-intestinal catarrh; epistaxis; metrorrhagia; haemorrhoidal flux; dependent on portal congestion.

Tenderness of the liver; bilious fever; symptoms resembling peritonitis and stitch-in-the-side have been cured by it.

Kunze commends the remedy, in addition, in cases of spasm of the stomach, pains contractive, vomiting occurring at the climax, cold rising from precordium to throat; feeling of spasmodic constriction; pressive, shooting pain right side of abdomen spreading to back or shoulder.

He has cured with it pains in hepatic and splenic regions accompanied with haemoptysis, or expectoration of viscid, lumpy mucus, and evening fever.

Even phthisis pituitosa has been cured by it.

Local muscular rheumatisms dependent on liver disease.

E. A. Cook (formerly of Richmond) gave Card. m. 1 to a patient suffering from liver congestion, swollen veins of legs, piles, and headache, with great benefit to all the symptoms.

On the second day the patient developed these new symptoms, which she had never had before and which alarmed her greatly "Great giddiness with inclination to fall forward; and a sudden and profuse epistaxis followed by great relief." A striking cure by Card. m. in "Miner's Disease" is recorded by Proell.

An old miner in the Aurum Metallicum gold mines of Bockstein suffered from the so-called "Bergsucht" (miner's disease). "His chief symptoms were earthy complexion, eyes dim, hardness of hearing, mucous coating on tongue, loss of appetite even for his favourite food and tobacco.

great dyspnoea and palpitation on going up-hill.

spleen and stomach distended.

much wind eructated, constant borborygmus, constipation alternating with diarrhoea, but the latter more frequent, evacuations grey, urine scanty and pale, skin dry as if withered, great weakness, pulse slow and weak.

Especially remarkable was the disposition of this man.

Formerly cheerful, he is now joyless and apathetic; the most important events he took no notice of, I gave him tinct.

Card. mar., a few drops four times a day.

I was unable to effect any alteration in his food, drink, or regimen.

A month after this he returned looking much better.

On asking him how he was, he replied "You have made a new man of me." Almost all the former symptoms had disappeared and given place to the opposite.

His complexion was fresh, his eyes sparkled, he was cheerful, wished to live and work, had good appetite, motions brown, more urine passed, pulse normal.

He said he now for the first time knew what it was to be well, and he remained so for many years." (Zeit., Berl. Ver.─Amer. Hom., December 15, 1895) Proell also recommends it in affections of liver, spleen, and kidneys caused by abuse of alcoholic beverages and especially beer.

He relates two cases one in a cook who had symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver and general dropsy which made her features unrecognisable; and one in a worker in a brewery who developed dropsy.

Both were cured by the tincture.

The brewery man, thinking the remedy was intended to be purgative, and thinking the 4 drops prescribed would not be sufficient, took the whole amount, 2 1/2 drachms, at one dose, without markedly bad effects, and was quickly cured.

Proell adds that Card. m. is indicated where there is a relaxed state of the mucous membrane of the stomach as evidenced by flatulence and diarrhoea, especially when the stools are clay-coloured.

Much fatigue is experienced, agg. after eating; when riding; on awaking; frequently accompanied by yawning.

Chilliness is prominent, on awaking; at night; agg. uncovering.

Coldness of knees. Head very sensitive to cold.

Sweating of forehead and back after meals.

Stitches, drawing pressure are prominent among the sensations, also radiating pains; constriction, band-sensation and cramps.

Motion agg. most complaints.

St. Mary's Thistle. Compositae.

* *

Carduus Marianus is one of the most important liver remedies, if a homoeopathic author can be excused for the expression. There are many pains, pressing, dragging, drawing, burning; worse from motion.

The patient is very sensitive to cold, and is subject to attacks of bilious vomiting at regular or irregular intervals. The author has cured many violent sick headaches ending in vomiting bile, and cases in the habit of taking Mercurius Dulcis calomel, with Carduus Marianus (Sanguinaria Canadensis Sang).

Dropsical effusions with liver diseases. It is useful in hemorrhages and jaundice, when symptoms agree.

Sadness, irritability and weeping. Congestive headaches; pressing pains coming periodically. Fullness and heaviness in the head. Sensitiveness of the scalp to cold air. Pressing outward of the eyeballs.

Yellow sclerotics. Burning in margins of lids. Burning inside of the nose. Epistaxis.

Taste bitter, insipid, or wanting. Foul tongue. No desire for food. Nausea, and vomiting mucus, then bile. Painful retching, and then vomiting sour greenish fluid. Drawing pains from left to right in the stomach. Burning in the stomach. Vomiting blood, very black.

The most important of all the liver symptoms. Dragging pain in right hypochondrium when lying on left side; like Arnica Arn., Magnesia Muriatica Mag. m., Natrum Sulphuricum Nat. s. and Ptelea Trifoliata Ptelea.

Pressing, drawing, stitching in right lobe of liver. Carduus Marianus establishes a healthy flow of bile, and thereby cures the condition that favors the formation of gall stones. It has many times broken up the tendency to gall stone colic.

Portal congestion and hemorrhoids. Sore, bruised, hard liver; sometimes the left lobe, but oftener the right. When complicated with lung and heart symptoms with expectoration of blood.

Drawing, stitching or burning pains in the abdomen. Distended abdomen. Cutting pains. The stool is black. Stool hard and knotty. Clay-like, bileless stool. Burning in rectum, and anus. Itching piles. Bleeding piles. Inveterate constipation.

Burning in the urethra. Copious high-colored urine, with copious sediment. Turbid urine. Retention of urine.

Menses copious. Menses suppressed. Uterine haemorrhage with portal congestion. Drawing in vagina, and leucorrhoea.

Liver cough, when lower portion of right lung is affected, with chronic congestion of the liver.

Pains in the chest with liver pains. Stitching pains. Drawing pains, aggravated by motion.

Pain in the back under the right scapula (much like Chelidonium Majus Chel. and Aesculus Aesc.). Drawing pains in the back. Sensitive spine.

Cramping, drawing, pressing, rheumatic pains in the limbs. Violent pain in the right deltoid. Pain in the hip joints, aggravated from rising, stooping, and motion.

Neuralgic pains in the lower limbs, worse from motion. (Edema of the feet. Varicose veins. Ulcers. Rheumatism, and jerking of the muscles. Cramps in the calves and feet. Walking almost impossible.)

Gastric and bilious fevers.


Tincture and lower potencies.


Bronchitis. Dropsy. Epistaxis. Fever. Gall-stones. Haemoptysis. Haemorrhages. Haemorrhoids. Influenzinum Influenza. Intermittents. Jaundice. Liver, affections of. Metrorrhagia. Neuralgia. Phthisis. Pleurisy. Rheumatism. Sciatica. Spleen, affections of. Typhlitis. Varicose veins.


Liver (R)