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Conium Maculatum - General symptoms

Poison Hemlock, Conium, Coninum, Conium Mac, Con.

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HPUS indication of Conium Maculatum: Lightheadedness
Conium Maculatum
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Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Conium Mac in traditional homeopathic usage, not approved by the FDA.



(Morning), Until 10 or 11 o'clock, all symptoms.

fantasies. fretful, etc.

on rising from bed, vertigo.

on waking, headache.

after rising, headache.

pain through temples. mucus in eyes.

on rising, vertigo. eructations.

nausea. between 1 and 2 o'clock, cramp in stomach.

after rising and after stool, pain from pit of stomach to throat.

while lying and twisting about in bed, pain in pit of stomach.

while lying in bed, pain in hypochondrium.

after rising, colic in umbilical region.

tearing from hypogastric region into sides of abdomen.

after chilliness for two hours, cutting colic, etc., after eating, colic, etc.

while sitting, drawing lower abdomen.

immediately after urinating, burning in urethra.

on waking, everything seems as if too full in chest.

pain upon sternum, etc.

on rising, trembling of the foot.

while standing and sitting, tearings in great toe.

after waking, weakness.

in bed, weak, etc. effect greatest.

chilliness, etc. coldness, etc.

at 4 o'clock, coldness at 8 o'clock, shivering.

at 10 o'clock, chilliness in back, etc.

on waking, sensation of heat down back.

on and after waking, inclination to sweat.

on waking from sleep, sweat over body.

(Afternoon), From 5 to 6 o'clock, ill-humor.

towards evening, burning in eyes.

blindness. thirst. towards evening, eructations.

vomiting of mucus. distension, etc., of abdomen.

from noon till evening, worse while sitting and walking.

tearing in the ankle. heaviness, etc., of body.

from 3 to 5 o'clock, chilliness.

shivering, etc. flushes of warmth.

(Evening), From 4 to 9 o'clock, the symptoms.

in bed, pulsations in side of head.

in bed, on closing eyes to sleep, pressure in the eyes.

late, pain in bone above eye, etc.

double vision. pain in face.

sour eructations. heartburn.

nausea. distension of abdomen.

after eating, hardness, etc., of the abdomen.

before going to sleep, stiffness of penis.

on going to sleep, severe cough.

in bed, difficult inspiration.

on lying down, rattling in chest.

in bed, when lying upon side, drawing etc., through chest.

glands become painful.

drawings in lower leg.

in bed, drawing in toes.

in bed, tearing in limbs.

in bed, tearing through upper arm.

while walking, hip painful.

in bed, tearing on tibia.

tearing in back of foot.

weakness. while sitting, sweat.

(Night), From 11 to 12 o'clock, all symptoms.

in sleep, violent weeping.

after waking, fearful thoughts.

in bed, headache, etc.

on closing eyes, zigzags before sight.

nosebleed. pain in face.

scraping in throat. while lying, and especially on inspiration, sticking in hepatic region.

frequent micturition. in sleep, twitching in arms, etc.

jerking, etc., in lower legs.

the symptoms. about midnight, sweat.

sweat on limbs.

(Sitting), All symptoms.

tickling in throat. tearing in moons veneris.

pain in chest, etc. thrusts though chest.

sticking between nipple and sternum.

stitches in chest. pressure behind sternum, etc.

stitches beneath ribs.

stitches in lumbar muscles.

stitches in muscles of thigh.

tearings about patella.

numbness of heels, etc.

pain beneath toes. stitches in tip of great toe.

stitches on surface of thigh..

(While walking), Dizzy.

drawings in temporal muscle.

on every step, nipping in vertex.

tearings in occiput. pain in liver.

pains in abdomen.

sticking in groin. pressure in neck of bladder.

on every inspiration, stitches in right chest.

pains in small of back.

tearing in thighs. stitches in malleoli.

tearing in soles, sticking in heels..

Became much agitated, were attacked with hallucinations and delirium, and went out of the house.

the neighbors thought the whole family had gone mad, and were obliged to employ force to compel them to return home.

watched them and rallied them in their hallucinations, and more or less absurd proposals.

the patients had been mirthful all the while,.

Soon after half an hour, dimness of vision, with bright points scintillating, or rather quickly moving in the distance.

this caused me to turn from side to side to notice them, and from this cause, I suppose, I found myself reeling in my saddle.

there was no vertigo or unpleasant sensation about the head to produce this effect, save a slight feeling of lightness,.

After moderate doses, the interference of vision is only such as results in haziness, as if a thin film of transparent vapor were floating between the eye and the object, the effect being identical with that observed on looking through a medium of unequal density, such as the mixture of hot and cold air enveloping a highly heated stove.

it occurs independently of any dilatation of the pupil, and is compatible with good definition for fixed objects.

it is due to imperfect adjustment of the refracting media of the eye from partial paralysis of the ciliary branches of the third nerve.

it is through these minute branches that the individual first becomes conscious of the effect of hemlock, and if he should be reading at the time, he will suddenly find the occupation fatiguing, and very soon afterwards it may be impossible, and he will be glad to close the eyes to relieve himself of the symptom, and as the muscular lethargy begins to be felt, content to lie perfectly still as is asleep.

in full doses the depressing influence involves the other branches of the nerve, and the lazy movements of the eyeball, or dull fixed and occasionally divergent stare, indicate the partially paralyzed condition of the external muscles of the eyeball, while more or less drooping of the upper lids expresses a similar condition of the levator palpebrae,.

On raising my eyes from the object upon which they had been fixed to a more distant one the vision was confused and a feeling of giddiness suddenly came over me. That these symptoms were due to impairment of power in the muscular apparatus employed in the adaptation of the eye was obvious to me, for so long as my eyes were fixed on a given object the giddiness disappeared, and the definition and capacity of vision for the minutest objects were unimpaired, but the instant that I directed the eyes to another object all was haze and confusion, and I felt giddy, and in order to recover my vision, and dismiss the sense of giddiness, it was necessary to lay hold upon some object, as it were, with my eyes, and rest them securely upon it.

it was clear to me that the adjusting muscular apparatus of the eye was enfeebled, and its contractions so sluggishly performed that they could not longer keep pace with the more active movements of the external muscles of the eyeball.

within then minutes of the appearance of this disorder of vision a general muscular lethargy affected me, and the eyelids felt as heavy as if they were oppressed with the deepest drowsiness (three-quarters of an hour after 5 1/2 drachms),.

Raised my eyes quickly from the manuscript upon which they had been steadily fixed, towards the inkstand some little distance away, but in so doing I instantly experienced a slight difficulty in accurately sighting that object, the eyes did not strike exactly where they were aimed, and simultaneously a faint but distinct thrill of the peculiar swimming feeling that I know so well as the beginning of sea-sickness, swept through the brain.

plainly the subtle influence of the poison had been creeping over me while absorbed in writing, but could not declare itself by symptoms until a quick and decided movement of the already paretic ocular muscles was attempted, then, however, it was instantly made manifest by the trouble in promptly sighting a given object, and, what is the point, then at once, but not till then, was the least giddiness experienced.

as the palsy of the ocular muscles advanced, soon the slightest movement of the eyes produced a curious and very disagreeable apparent flickering of the field of view, and was always accompanied by a sudden rush of giddiness.

but so long as the eyes were kept motionless, ten, as long ago pointed out by Harley, there was no giddiness.

for experiment, however, I did try the eyes in various ways, seeking to find, among other things, how the focalizing power on near objects was affected, and the consequence was that I quickly became not only very giddy but also decidedly nauseated, in fact veritably sea-sick, the sensations being the same as those felt at sea.

fearing that I should vomit, I got up to cross the room to the washstand, but at once the floor seemed to rock and waver, I staggered against a table.

not being conscious, however, of any real weakness of the legs, it immediately struck me that the uncertainty of step was purely because the eyes were playing false as guides for the feet.

if so, I argued, walking ought to be steadier with the eyes shut than open. Accordingly, after getting the proper bearings, I shut the eyes, and sure enough found at once that I could now walk straight and steady, and, what was more, without any feeling of giddiness.

securing a basin I repeated the little experiment on the return trip to the desk, and with precisely the same result,-giddiness, transient nausea, and staggering gait on trying to walk with eyes open;-freedom from all trouble with them shut,.

Double vision, from inability to maintain the convergence of the optic axes, excepting as a very evanescent effect, is a comparatively rare result of the action of hemlock. I have only observed it in a few persons. In one of these, a delicate invalid, confined by weakness and ovarian disease chiefly to the recumbent position, fl. 3ij of the succus Conii produced full effects accompanied by double vision.

this was a constant symptom.

it came on half an hour after taking the medicine, and lasted twenty minutes. After having taken the hemlock for six months, she told me, as often as I happened to see her during the operation of the medicine, that she saw each object in the room double, that my eyes were also doubled, and that she felt as if she were squinting,.

Vision was for the first time double. Directing the eye to an object at the distance of fifteen feet, that object for a moment would appear single.

immediately, however, two images became visible, and slowly receded from each other to the apparent distance of six inches.

here they generally became stationary, but at times would continue alternately to approach and recede from each other (nineteenth day).

slight degree of double vision (twentieth day),.

Itching on the right lower leg, followed by burning sore pain, lasting some time.

the spot remained slightly red.

on the next day this burning had extended, and was much increased by touch of the hand, but there was nothing visible externally.

during the next day a small bright-red spot appeared, which did not disappear on pressure, and in which the burning was most severe.

the spot, as also the skin about it, was very sensitive to the slightest touch,.

The pulse, during the period of greatest influence, and while I was sitting, beat with undeviating precision 60 strokes in a minute.

this is, perhaps, two or three beats below its natural velocity when the body is at rest. It was also fuller and stronger than usual. It might have been modified by the general condition of the system on that day, but this influence would probably have increased its rapidly (nineteenth day),.

Constant urging to urinate.

during the first four hours she was obliged to urinate as many as thirty times, the amount of urine varying from a few drops to a teaspoonful at a time.

with this urging there was a most violent burning pain at the neck of the bladder and along the urethra.

the urging was so violent that is seemed like labor-pains,.

In fifteen minutes slight weakness of the legs.

in twenty-five minutes the weakness of the legs and knees was more marked, and there was a certain amount of unsteadiness in my gait as I walked around the table.

in thirty-five minutes, the numbness and weakness of both legs and arms were well marked, and I felt that I handled the cue awkwardly, and that, when standing still, there was an inclination to sway backwards and forwards, while the knees began to give way under me.

in forty-five minutes the weakness of both arms and legs was intensified.

I could not now walk without swerving to one side or staggering.

in one hour and ten minutes my legs were very stiff, and awkward in motion, and it was just as much as I could do to get along. I had to progress slowly. I felt, with regard to my limbs, as if I was getting up to walk after a short rest at the end of a day's good pedestrianism, or as if I had just landed after a long swim, and altogether, a quiet rest on the sofa would have been most acceptable to me. It was now only possible to get upstairs with the greatest effort, and I did so in a very awkward manner.

and often knocked my toes against the steps, but, strange to say, I felt it more difficult to go down than up stairs. When I sat down I had to let myself drop suddenly when within a few inches of the seat. In two hours and ten minutes, my limbs were rapidly regaining their strength. In two hours and twenty minutes, the legs were nearly all right again, but the arms still weak. Three hours after the injection I felt quite well again, and could move about with ease as before the injection,.

A numb feeling in the lower extremities, with utter want of power to move them.

this was followed by a similar state of the upper extremities. Along with the numb feeling there was a sensation of stiffness in the limbs different from the feeling of powerlessness of motion. The numb powerless sensation then extended over the whole body, but was not accompanied with coldness of the surface. The sensibility of the skin was normal. On the next day such a feeling of weakness in the limbs that they shook under her, as if she "had been recovering from a fever,".

No means were at hand for testing the exact loss of power in the legs.

but, by the use of "Salter's improved dynamometer," I was enabled to measure, pretty accurately, the loss of power in the arms and muscles of the back. On two occasions I took seven healthy adults, and previous to injection, made them exert their utmost strength in pulling the handle of the dynamometer. I then injected each mx of a solution, according to my formula, mij of Conia, and made them pull at the dynamometer every quarter of an hour for two hours and a quarter afterwards. The following plate exhibits charts (obtained from three different persons) typical of the results I got. The rapid loss of power after injection, and the gradual return to the status quo, as the effects of the drug pass off, are alike well shown. The amount pulled is given in stones and halves of stones, See Plate III.


All movements were slow and labored (after one hour and ten minutes),

Remarkable weakness and prostration, so that it was difficult to keep the head erect,

Faintness and nausea,

Touch indistinct; a sensation as though the skin were covered with a furze, with formication,

Great disturbance of the general condition; feeling as after a debauch,

Felt as if he "had been working hard all day,"

"Felt as if he had been fashed (sic) a bit night before, and tired-like,"

One felt as if he had been "up all night on special extra night duty, and should like to go to bed,"

Considerable local smarting for a few seconds after the injection,

Staggering while walking,

Staggering gait,

Gait faltering, vacillating; he staggers as if drunk, dragging his legs after him,

Loss of power and heaviness of the legs, especially of the knees, as if they would knock together; they trembled,

Painless loss of power in the inferior extremities,

After twenty minutes he got up and walked a mike; but the legs were so weak that they could hardly support him; the knees tended to fall forwards, and his gait was tottering,

In dismounting about an hour from the commencement of the symptoms (about an hour and a half after taking the dose), I found so much difficulty in walking as to require assistance to reach the house, the inferior extremities appearing nearly paralyzed. So little pain or distress was felt, however, that I laughed heartily at the predicament I had so unwittingly placed myself in. Feeling anxious to get rid of this annoyance, as well as from the solicitude of those around me, I tried what effects smoking tobacco would produce. I had been in the habit of using this luxury occasionally, and at this time had a strong desire for it. Whether from this cause or from rest and composure I soon felt very much relieved. Vision became clearer, the limbs less troublesome, and whilst sitting, little or no apparent effects of the poison remained. On rising, however, the inferior extremities persisted in their unwillingness to move, but much less than before. The whole day passed without being entirely rid of these feelings,

Complete paralysis of inferior extremities, afterwards of the upper, or the reverse,

Intoxicated sensation while walking, as if his steps were somewhat impeded; he, however, walked very rapidly,

Sensation of heaviness in the lower extremities, and feeling as though she was unable to move them; the same sensation in the arms, with a general feeling of weakness in the limbs distinct from the sensation of paralysis; this latter sensation affected the whole body,


Hip-joints almost immovable,

The right hip is painful, and feels as if sprained, in the evening while walking,


Numbness in the thighs,

Sensation of weakness, even to trembling, in the right thigh, while walking,

Cramplike pain in the anterior muscles of the right thigh, while walking in the open air (after thirteen hours),

Dull drawing in the right thigh during rest, relieved by motion (after one hour and a half),

Stitches in the hamstring while walking in the open air,

Stitches as from needles in the muscles of the left thigh while sitting,

Long-continued deep stitch at the superior attachment of the gluteus maximus muscle (after three hours and a half),

Dull stitches in the thigh, near the trochanter, not preventing walking (after a quarter of an hour),

Dull tearing in the forepart of both thighs while walking,

Fine crawling in the posterior surface of the thigh,


Crackling of the knee (in the patella?) on becoming erect,

Mingled weariness and weakness in the knees, and the gait was not so firm as usual (seventeenth and subsequent days),

For one hour and a half the muscular weakness continued to such a degree that, after walking upstairs, the knees ached from sheer weariness, and I could hardly prevent myself from tottering, and was glad to come to a state of rest,

Upon going upstairs, the knees were so weak as to render the ascent very difficult without assistance by taking hold of the balustrade (nineteenth day),

Stiffness, with pain, in the tendons under the left knee, while beginning to walk,

Fatiguing pain about the knee, lasting half an hour,

Paralytic pain in the hollow of the knee, as in dropsy of the knee-joint,

Rheumatic pain in the knee the whole day (fifteenth day),

Dull pain in the knee, on stepping,

Dull pain in the left knee on stepping,

Drawing beneath the right patella,

Pain as if sprained in the right knee,

Frequent stitches in the knees,

Tearings about the patella while sitting,

Tearing pain about the knee-joint,

Bruised pain, or feeling as if the patella were broken in the whole left knee, causing loud cries, while walking and standing in the open air, with anxious heat all over, on exhausting one's self in walking,


A place on the leg that had been bruised twelve days previously, and had remained painful to this time, became blue and mottled, and pained on the slightest motion like the cutting of a knife, with a feeling as if bruised, on walking or on touch,

Slight occasional movements of left leg,

Jerking and uneasiness in the legs, at times followed by shivering, at night,

The legs go to sleep while sitting,

Drawing on the outer side of the right leg,

Drawings in the muscles of the right leg, as far as the foot and toes,

Drawing and tearing in the left leg, with great uneasiness, so that she could not keep still a moment,

Severe oppressive sensation and weakness in the anterior surface of the right leg, extending down to the foot, in bed; afterwards the same sensation in the left lower leg, obliging him to rise and walk about, whereby it was relieved for the moment,

Tearing in the leg, extending upward from the inner side of the foot, in the open air,

Dull tearing along the leg, extending upward from the external malleolus, in the open air,

Tingling pressure on the tibiae, on stretching out the limbs while sitting,

Tearing on the tibia, in the evening, in bed (first day),

Cramp like tearing in the tibia, while walking in the open air,

Bruised pain in the tibiae,

Tensive stiff pain in the calves,

Drawing in the right calf,

Drawings in the left calf and back of the foot,

Drawings in the lower portion of the left calf and sole of the foot,

Drawings on the inner side of the left calf, and on the back of the right foot,

Pressure in the right calf,


Dull pain in the ankle,

Stitches in both right malleoli, at first fine, then sharp, for two days and nights, waking him from sleep, at last extending into the calves, slower while sitting, but more frequent and severe while walking,

Tearings in the ankle from noon till evening, worse while sitting and walking,

Bruised pain in the left ankle, with tension and feeling of stiffness on moving it,


Swelling of the feet, painful, and not disappearing during sleep,

Swelling of the whole foot, with burning pain,

Trembling of the feet, in the morning on rising,

Numbness and insensibility of the feet,

Burning and throbbing sticking in the bend of the foot,

Numb prickling sensation in the feet, creeping slowly upward until it reached the upper part of the thigh,

Tearings on the back of the foot, in the evening, in bed (first day),

Tearings in the soles, while walking,

Crawling pain in the soles of the feet, while stepping upon them, but stitches in them while walking,

Numbness of both heels, with prickling as from needles, while sitting,

Heavy clogging sensation the heels (after three-quarters of an hour),

Sensitive burning pain beneath the heel on stepping upon it, with redness and swelling of the place,

Sharp drawings beneath the heel,

Much sticking in the right heel, while walking and standing,


Burning pain beneath the toes, while sitting,

Drawing in the toes,

Drawing in the left toes,

Drawings in the lower surface of the left great toe,

Pressure in the ball of the right great toe,

Cuttings at the tips of the left toes,

Stitches and burning in the tip of the left great toe,

Stitches in the tip of the left great toe, as if under the nail, while sitting,

Pulsating stitches in the little toe, which is also painful while walking,

Tearings in the ball of the great toe, in the morning, while standing and sitting,

Burning tearing in the metacarpal joint of the great toe, on waking from sleep while lying,

Prickling in the toes,

The tips of the toes pain as if suppurating,


Septic dissolution of the fluids,

In the bones, especially in the middle of the long bones, concealed caries, with burning-gnawing pain,


He walks about as if half asleep,

Throbbing motion and trembling of te whole body, especially severe in the arms (fifth day),

Trembling, etc.

Constant trembling,

He starts at every sound,

Jerklike startings up as in fright,

Subsultus tendinum,

The whole upper portion of the body was seized with violent spasms, while the lower extremities were paralyzed,

Convulsions, ,

Convulsions of affected parts, and of the whole body, with danger of stupefaction,

Most violent convulsions, with constant uneasiness and wild fancies,

Hysterical attack, with chilliness and a kind of spasmodic motions,

Relaxation of muscles and limbs, followed by difficulty of walking and want of power to control movements; forced to lie down (half an hour),

Very easily overstrained,

There was a distinct impairment of motor power. I felt, so to speak, that "the go" was taken out of me. It was not that I felt fatigued just then, but is seemed as if a drag was suddenly put upon me, and that it would be impossible to walk fast, if urged to do so (after three-quarters of an hour). After walking about a mile uphill, this sensation was very decided.

and on putting a foot on the scraper at the door of the hospital, the other leg was shaky, and felt almost too weak to support me. My movements appeared clumsy to myself, and it seemed necessary that I should make an effort to control them,.

If a strong, active individual take 5 or 6 drachms of the succus on getting up in the morning, and start off for a long walk, he will be overtaken in the course of half or three-quarters of an hour with a feeling of general tiredness, and a special weakness of the knees, as if he had been regularly tired out by walking all day to the full extent of his powers. If he be unusually active and strong, he will not, perhaps, yield to the inclination to rest, but will proceed slowly on his way, feeling a strange lightness, powerlessness of the legs, with a tendency to drop forward on his knees. This will be associated with some giddiness, and a feeling of heaviness over the eyes. At first the feeling of languor will be most oppressive, but it will soon become more tolerable.

and, if he should continue his journey for an hour, he will find that the feeling of fatigue has by this time nearly passed off. In the course of another hour he will be as active as ever,.

It sat down to nose these observations.

but, being afraid to maintain this posture lest the rapidly decreasing muscular energy should get the better of me, I rose up again and tried to shake it off. An hour and a quarter after taking the dose, I first felt decided weakness in my legs. The giddiness and diminution of motor power continued to increase for te next fifteen minutes. An hour and a half after taking the dose, these effects attained their maximum.

and at this time I was cold, pale, and tottering. The pulse which had been emotionally excited by the sudden accession of the foregoing symptoms, was now 68, quite regular and of undiminished force and volume. The legs felt as if they would soon be too weak to support me. There was a positive diminution of voluntary power in every part of the muscular system, and this nearly amounted to complete paralysis as far as the hamstring and levator palpebrae muscles were concerned. At one time, the greatest exertion was required to elevate the eyelids. The mind remained perfectly clear and calm, and the brain active throughout.

but the body seemed heavy, and well-nigh asleep. After continuing for about half an hour at their maximum, the symptoms began rapidly to decline and within three hours and a half after taking the dose they had totally disappeared,.

Irregular action ending in progressive DEBILITY, as in old age clothes distress, faints at stool, difficult articulation, uncertain gait, etc

Trembling; looks old Chronicity

Early senility



Suddenly sick or weak; with numbness STONY HARDNESS

As of a lump in brain, in epigastrium

New growths

Hard blood-vessels

Ascending symptoms





Shy people, yet fear being alone

Weak memory

Can't think after using eyes

VERTIGO, whirling; on lying, turning over, least motion of eyes or head, etc

; senile

Eyes feel crossed; lids heavy, droop, worse outer side

Photophobia Vision, colored

Pulpy earwax

Sour saliva

Cold flatus

Constipation on alternate days

Urine stops and starts; better standing

Testes enlarged

Cutting, as semen passes; in ovaries, uterus, etc

Prostatic dribble; worse stool, emotions, etc

Emissions, from mere contact

Menses irregular

Acrid leucorrhoea Tormenting cough from dry spot in larynx; from tickling in throat-pit; as if from abdomen

Palpitation; worse exertion, drinking, at stool, etc


Mammae; nodes in; congested before menses; sticking in; shrunken; too much milk, worse before menses or at every step

Hot spots on head

Spinal injuries

Heels; as if bone would push through; shooting in

Skin greenish, like an old bruise; spots on; foul or eczematous eruption


Coldness in nape, calf, etc

Hot flushes or sweat on dropping to sleep

Sweat under eyes, on chin, in popliteae; cold on nape or palms

Conicine. An alkaloid from Conium maculatum. C8 H17 N. Tincture.


The juice freshly pressed from the whole herb, just as it has begun to bloom, is mixed with an equal quantity of alcohol. As is done in Homoeopathy with all the plant-juices which are preserved from corruption in this manner, two drops of this mixture are dropped into a vial which is filled two-thirds full with 100 drops of alcohol.

it is well-stopped and shaken with ten strokes of the arm. One drop is then further diluted through twenty-nine other such vials (each containing 100 drops of alcohol), and each attenuation is thus potentized by ten succussive strokes to the decillionth (X) dynamization. But instead of this we might also triturate two grains of the fresh leaves of this plant with sugar of milk to the millionth powder attenuation, within three hours, and then, dissolving this preparation, potentize it further.


The considerable medicinal power of this plant may easily be concluded from what was published in the years 1700-1779, by Stoerkand his many imitators in numerous books, concerning the great results obtained from . But frequently as its wonderful help was proved, at least in the beginning, by its use in the most horrible diseases, just as often, yea far oftener, its use in the favorite large doses, frequently repeated, has done harm, frequently irretrievable harm, and killed not a few men.

The riddle thus presented by so many startling experiences, sometimes so joyous, and then again so sad, with observers mostly honest, who nevertheless contradicted each other in such down-right fashion, could only be solved by Homoeopathy in these latter days. For Homoeopathy has first shown, that in order to use heroic medicines in a beneficent manner, and thus really to heal, we must not (as has hitherto been done) assault any disease straightway with frequent doses as large as practicable of a violent unknown remedy, but "that after previously fully proving and investigating the peculiar virtues of a medicine on healthy men the remedy must then be used only in morbid states, the symptoms of which have great similarity with those of the medicine.

and this must be done by means of the minutest doses of the higher and highest attenuations, prepared by appropriate dynamization.".

Those many, terrifying examples prevented me from recognizing sooner in this plant one of the most important antipsoric medicines; it is only within the last few years that I have given it its rightful place.

In order to act beneficially, Conium Maculatum must often be preceded by some other antipsoric medicines. It is given in the smallest doses.

More or less smelling of the sweet spirits of nitre, and in some cases also a drink of coffee, will moderate the excessive effects of Conium Maculatum.

In healing the diseases for which this medicine is suitable, the following symptoms, more than others, were relieved or removed, even where the complaint appeared in separate paroxysms

Sadness. hypochondria.

anxiety. ill-humor and melancholy.

dejection. irritability.

timidity. inclination to peevishness.

, forgetfulness and weakness of the head.

vertigo, when looking around, as if the patient would fall to one side.

heaviness of the head.

fits of tearing headache, obliging one to lie down.

stitches in the upper part of the head.

long-continued lancinating headache.

. itching below the eyes, and on rubbing, smarting, burning.

feeling of coldness in the eyes, on taking a walk.

stye on the eyelid. short sightedness.

far-sightedness. dark points and colored streaks before the eyes.

in the room the eyes are dazzled by the daylight.

stitches in the ear. when taking a walk.

tearing, with stitches in and about the ears.

drawing stitches in the ear outward.

induration of the swollen parotid gland.

accumulation of ear wax.

. humming, hissing, sounding and ringing in the ears.

flow of pus from the nose itching in the face.

itching pimples in the face.

tetters, in the face. eroding ulcers in the face.

. dryness and peeling off of the lips.

drawing pain in sound teeth from taking a walk.

shooting pain in the teeth.

involuntary deglutition.

scraping in the throat.

hawking. fullness in the pit of the neck, with abortive eructation.

. loud eructation, tasting of the ingesta.

heart-burn rising up the throat.

voracious hunger. bread will not go down, he has no relish for it.

after meals, burning up the fauces.

nausea with pregnant women.

acidity of the stomach, pressure, in the stomach.

stitches in the left hypochondrium.

fullness in the abdomen, in the morning, after awaking.

squeezing contraction of the hypogastrium.

writhing and digging in the umbilical region.

sensation of soreness in the abdomen, when walking on a stone pavement.

obstruction of the flatus.

rumbling and growling in the abdomen.

colic, with discharge of flatus.

only every other day. diarrhoea.

stool coated with blood.

the passage of urine stops suddenly and is only renewed after an interval.

pressure on the bladder, as if the urine would be passed at once.

whitish, turbid, . impotence and lack of erections.

insufficient, transient erection.

feeble coitus. lassitude after coitus.

. uterine spasms, beginning above the pudenda, distending the whole abdomen, and coming into the chest with stitches of the left side.

pinching and griping in the uterus.

bearing down and stitches in the vagina.

stitches in the labiae.

and inside. menses too scanty, during the menses, bearing down and drawing in the thigh.

vaginal flow. smarting, eroding leucorrhoea.

Excessive sneezing stoppage of the nostrils.

morning stoppage of the nostrils.

chronic stoppage of the nose for years.

troublesome feeling of dryness of the nose.

cough, especially with scrofulous patients.

shortness of breath in walking.

asthma early on awaking.

. stitches in the sternum.

jerks in the chest. pressing and squeezing together over the hips.

tension in the nape. pain as of soreness in the lowest cervical vertebrae.

the top of the shoulders feel as if pressed sore.

sweat of the palms. drawing pain in the hips.

weariness in the knees.

cramp in the calves. and hands.

the feet are apt to catch cold.

restlessness in the lower limbs.

itching of the skin frequent red itching spots on the body.

brown spots, on the body.

nettle-rash from severe bodily exercise.

inveterate, humid tetter.

restlessness, especially in the lower limbs.

hysterical and hypochondriac paroxysms.

hypochondria from continence in unmarried men.

an attack, where a pricking sensation comes from the stomach and shoots under the left ribs, extending to the back.

stitches here and there, all over the body.

. sudden lassitude while walking.

bruisedness of the limbs.

painfulness of the skin of the body.

lassitude in the whole body, especially in lower limbs, lassitude in the morning in bed.

feeling of illness in all the limbs, as from excessive fatigue.

drowsiness in the daytime.

drowsiness in the evening with closing of the eyelids.

late in falling asleep, in the evening in bed.

sleep full of phantasies.

many dreams at night. unrefreshing sleep.

nocturnal pains.

The abbreviations of the names of those who have furnished contributions to the symptoms subjoined are as follows ., ; ., ; ., ; ., ; ., .

Conium is one of the medicine of the . Conium Maculatum's pathogenesis there contains 89 symptoms from Hahnemann, 131 from Franz, Langhammer, and Wislicenus, and 155 from authors. A later list in the first edition of the Chronic Diseases adds observations from Hahnemann himself, from Gross and Rummel, swelling its number to 700, and in this second edition Hahnemann supplies 212 more.


Observations on patients taking C. This symptom not found.

Observations on patients. This symptom not found.

Observations of patients. This symptom, with 3, 210, 224, 318, 562, 870, and 909 arose from overloading the stomach; all disappeared after an emetic.

Not accessible.

No symptom mentioned in edition of 1667.

Effects of Cicuta Virosa cicuta aquatica.

Not accessible.

From gr. 30 of powder in an adult.

During convalescence.


General statement from observations.

Observations on self.

Not accessible.

Not accessible.

General statement from observation.

General statement from observation.

In Andrée's case, with giddiness.

No such observation to be found.

In a case of cataract which was improving under C.

See note to Sympt. 7.

See note to S. 7.

Literally "breaking out on the lips, following slight fever."

See note to Sympt. 5.

From touching the tongue with the juice of the root.

In Stoerk's case as S. 249.

In cases of cancrum oris.

(To .) General statement from experience.

In Fothergill's case with S. 335 and 884.

Not found.

No such symptom found in Stoerk.

A patient under treatment by C. for a mammary scirrhus, had a chill in the street; got this and S. 428 and died with dysentery.

Not accessible.

See note to S. 211.

A woman could not take more than four grains, without this.

Literally, "irregular stools, attended with griping."

See not to S. 359.

In a gouty subject taking C.

Poisoning by Cicuta Virosa Cicuta root, but of what species is doubtful. Inordinate excitement was present, but nothing is said as to its being sexual.

Checked while on, in Andrée's case; in Greding's case, delayed.

* * * * *

In a case of mammary scirrhus, this and S. 546 coincided with the discharge becoming thin.

Not found.

Whooping-cough "keuchhusten" ought here to be rendered "urging cough;" -see also note to S. 211.

Conium Maculatum supervened in a case of tubercular breast, while taking C.

See note to S. 527.

Translate "laborious respiration," and see note to S. 211.

See note to S. 7.

Not found.

In a case of caries of ribs.

After injecting C. into a fistula in the neck.

See Note to S. 590.

See Note to S. 211.

Add "p. 434." -Observation in gouty subjects.

Critical, with S. 906 in a gouty patient.

Symptoms observed on patients taking C.

Not found.

Not found.

In a case of mammary scirrhus.

Not found.

Not found in Schmucker.

To WATSON add "Phil. Trans." No. 473, 1744. Note, "As a consequence of poisoning." To CULLEN add "Mat. Med." and note "From thirty grains of powdered leaves in an adult."

Observed on self; with dazzling of sight and giddiness.

In case of S. 527. This and S. 874 supervened until a purulent discharge set in, and they were removed by bark.

After taking C. for seven months.

In Collin's case this was the end of Mesenteric disease, for which C. had been taken. There being no reference in the case of Reismann, his observation cannot be traced.

In an old woman of 80, ten days after leaving off C.

"Coma" is Watson's word and "Schlummersucht" somnolence, might be so rendered here and "sopor" in the next symptom.

"Coma" is Watson's word and "Schlummersucht" somnolence, might be so rendered here and "sopor" in the next symptom.

See note to S. 7.

See note to S. 795.

Poison Hemlock. Hahnemann. Umbelliferae.


Conium Maculatum medicine is a deep, long acting antipsoric, establishing a state of disorder in the economy that is so far reaching and so long lasting that it disturbs almost all the tissues of the body.

Glands The complaints are brought on from taking cold, and the glands become affected all over the body. From every little cold the glands become hard and. sore. Infiltration in deep-seated diseases in the region of ulcers and in the region of inflamed parts.

in the glands along the course of the lymphatics, so we get a chain like knots.

The glands under the arm inflame and ulcerate. The glands in the neck, in the groin and abdomen become enlarged. Ulcerated parts indurate. An abscess of the breast becomes surrounded by lumps and nodules. Nodules in the breast even where milk has not yet formed.

lumps and nodules, indurations and enlarged glands form under the skin all over the body.

Conium has been used extensively for malignant affections of glands, because it takes hold of glands from the beginning and infiltrates, and they gradually grows a stony hardness, like scirrhus.

Now, another grand feature running through Conium Maculatum is the action upon the nerves.

Trembling, jerking of the muscles and twitching from the weakness of the nerves. Inability to stand any physical effort without great exhaustion.

Gradually growing paralytic weakness, somewhat as was described in Cocculus Indicus Cocculus Exhaustion of body and mind, that is a general slowing down of all the activities of the body. The liver becomes indurated, sluggish, enlarged. The bladder is weak, can expel only a part of the urine. Or sometimes there is a paralytic condition and no expulsive power. This shows that the remedy increases toward a paralytic weakness.

A great many of the complaints are painless. The ulcers and the paralytic conditions are painless. Great physical and mental debility; great prostration of the muscular system; exhaustion, tremulous weakness.

Paralysis of the legs and hip. Mental symptoms, nervous symptoms, trembling, in widows and widowers who have suddenly been deprived of their sexual relations.

When in a state of considerable vigor, if suddenly deprived, the woman or the man takes on a state of trembling weakness, inability to stand any mental effort, and inability to put the attention upon things said by others.

Not so marked or not so common in the woman as in the man. When this state comes on in a woman who is of unusual sexual vigor there may be severe congestion of the uterus and ovaries, Apis Mel Apis is more likely to fit her symptoms than Conium But with hysteria and excitability Conium is often the remedy. Many of its symptoms come about from such a cause.

Conium has such a deep action that it gradually brings about a state of imbecility. The mind gives out. The mind at first becomes tired like the muscles of the body. Unable to sustain any mental effort. The memory is weak.

The mind will not concentrate, it will not force itself to attention; it cannot meditate, and then comes imbecility. Inability to stand any mental effort or to rivet the attention upon anything are some of the most important symptoms in this medicine.

Insanity of a periodical type. Imbecility, though, is far more frequent than insanity. When you come to examine the mental states you will see symptoms that will make you think the patient is delirious, but that is not quite it.

It is a slow-forming weakness of mind; not that rapid, active state, such as accompanies a fever; it is a delirium without a fever, so to speak, which is not constant. Forms of insanity that are passive. He thinks slowly, and he continues in this stage for weeks and months, if he recovers at all.

Those excitable cases that have more or less violence and activity in mental states are such as will correspond to Belladonna Bell., Stramonium Stram. and Arsenicum Album Ars

You see nothing of that in this medicine. This state of the mind has come on so gradually that the family has not observed it.

The mind is full of strange things that have come little by little, and when the family look over the many things that he has done and said they begin to wonder if he is not becoming insane, but he is traveling toward a state of imbecility.

Conium is of a slow, passive character. Complete indifference; takes no interest in anything, particularly when walking in the open air.

"He is averse to being near people and to talking of those passing him; is inclined to seize hold of and abuse them."

That, of course is an insane act.

"Sad and gloomy.

Great unhappiness of mind, recurring every fourteen days," showing a two weeks periodicity. The Conium patient will sit and mope in the corner in a state of sadness and depression, giving no reason only that he is so sad.

A hypochondriacal subject going around with whims and notions that people attempt to reason him out of, and the more they attempt to reason with him, the more sad he is. Morose, peevish, vexed.

Every thing vexes and disturbs him. Cannot endure any kind of excitement, it brings on physical and mental distress, brings on weakness and sadness. Sometimes Conium symptoms will be found in persons who have suffered from grief; they become broken in memory. This is likely to come first.

They forge, never can recall things just as they want them. And so they grow weaker and weaker until they become imbeciles. If it is decidedly mental, imbecility results.

if it is taking physical course the ending is paralysis, and it is not uncommon for general paralytic weakness to come on, so that body and mind progress toward weakness together until some decided manifestation is made, and then it will be seen to be going toward paralysis, or some decided manifestation is made which will send it toward imbecility, and then the body will seem to remain stationary.

There comes a time in these cases where there is a sort of division between the body and the mind. Whenever under homoeopathic treatment the physical, improves and the mental grows worse, that patient will never be cured. There are such cases. I never like to see the physical grow better and the mental grow worse in any degree.

That does not mean the aggravation caused by the remedy. If the mental does not improve it means that the patient is growing worse. There is no better evidence of the good action of a remedy than mental improvement.

Conium patients cannot endure even the slightest alcoholic drink.

Any wine or stimulating beverage will bring on trembling, excitement, weakness of mind and prostration. There are many headaches -in these patients. Patients going into decline will manifest headaches. Stitching, tearing pains in the head; throbbing in the head. Signs precursory to a giving out of the brain. Neuralgia.

Pains Weakness of muscles. Weakness of muscles on one side of the face. Paralysis of the upper lids. Tingling pains. These are only in keeping with the signs of a general breakdown. We would not think of giving Conium for those sudden, violent congestions of the brain, or sudden, violent attacks of pain in the head, face or eyes, but those that accompany a general progressive disease.

There are stitching, lancinating, knife-like pains along the course of nerves about face and eyes and head. Stitching in the top of the head. Burning on top of the head. Often the symptoms will lead the homoeopathic physician to make a physical examination. A great deal more important than the physical examination are, the symptoms that point out a remedy.

Excitement will bring on headaches. Numbness of the scalp is one of the common symptoms of Conium It is a general; wherever there is trouble there will be numbness, numbness with pains, very often numbness with the weakness.

Paralytic conditions are attended with numbness. Sick headache with inability to urinate. Great giddiness. Everything in the room seems to go around. Confused feeling in the head. Often sits lost in thought.

The vertigo most common in Conium is that which comes on while lying in bed rolling the eyes or turning the eyes This is somewhat as it is in Cocculus Indicus Cocculus, not as to vertigo alone, but the general slowed down condition of the muscles. The paresis, or weakness of the muscles all over the body is also present in the eyes.

There is a muscular weakness of all the muscles of the eye, so that the Conium patient is unable to watch moving objects without getting sick headaches, visual and mental disturbances. Riding on the cars, watching things in rapid motion and inability to focus rapidly, slowness of the accommodation is what we must call it is the cause for many sicknesses.

"Objects look red, rainbow colored, striped; confused spots; double vision; weakness of sight. Short sighted; cannot read long without letters running together."

All this is due to defective accommodation.

"Sluggish adaptation of the eye to varied range of vision.

Weakness and dazzling of the eyes, together with dizziness.

Aversion to light without inflammation of the eyes."

The pupil will not accommodate itself to the changes between strong light and dim light, and he suffers from it. Severe photophobia and lachrymation. Photophobia without congestion of any tissue without or within the globe of the eye.

Sometimes the pupils are contracted and sometimes dilated. Conium has cured ulcer of the cornea.

"Burning in the eyes when reading."

'Shooting smarting, burning pain in the eyes.

The lids indurate, thicken and are heavy and fall.

It is with, difficulty that he can lift them up.

So this paralysis extends all through the muscles of the body and affects the mind similarly. "

Could scarcely raise the eyelids, they seemed pressed down by a heavy weight.

Burning on entire surface of lids; Hordeola; paralysis of muscles of the eyes."

Glands A marked condition is that of swelling of the glands about the face, ear and under the jaws. The parotids are swollen and, hard. The same gradually increasing hardness in the sub-maxillary and sublingual glands.

Paresis extending to paralysis of the oesophagus; difficulty in swallowing; food goes down part way and stops. As food is about to pass the cardiac orifice it stops and enters with a great effort.

"Strange rising in the throat, with sense of stuffing, as if something were lodged there.

Sense of fullness in the throat as of a lump with involuntary attempts at swallowing.

Fullness in throat with suppressed eructations.

Pressure in oesophagus as if a round body were ascending from stomach."

That is a nervous affection found in nervous women and bas been called globus hystericus. When a woman feels as if she wanted to cry, and she swallows and chokes, she will have a similar lump in the throat.

Nervous, broken-down constitutions; tired of life; sees nothing in the future but sickness and sorrow and paralysis or imbecility. When they have their lucid moments they weep, become sad over their enlarged glands and weakness, and have a lump in the throat.

Hardness of the abdomen, great sensitiveness of the abdomen. Pinching pains, stitching pains, colicky, cutting pains, cramping pains. Bearing down in the abdomen-in the woman as if the uterus would escape.

Often more common than diarrhoea is constipation with ineffectual urging, hard cool, paralysis of the rectum. Inability to strain at cool, inability to expel contents because of the paralytic weakness of all the muscles that take part in expulsion.

Pulsation and emptiness in the abdomen after a normal stool The woman strains so much at stool that the uterus protrudes- from the vagina. After every stool tremulous weakness and palpitation.

The stream of urine stops and without any pressure whatever it starts again and it does that two or three times during urination. Irregular muscular actions while passing urine.

"Intermittent flow of urine, with cutting after micturition.

Weakness of the sexual powers of the male; impotency.

Men He may have most violent sexual desire yet he is impotent.

"Great sexual desire with partial or complete incapacity.

Emissions without dreams.

Painful emissions and painful ejaculations."

"There is a catarrhal state of the seminal vesicles attended with much soreness, so that when ejaculation takes place there is cutting like a knife, as if the semen were acrid.

Bad effects from suppressed sexual desire in widowers and those who have been accustomed to coition.

"Sexual weakness. Insufficient erection, lasting only a short time; weakness after embrace.

Swelling and induration of testicles."

Hardness and swelling of the testicles gradually comes on.

"Discharge of prostatic fluid on every change of emotion, without voluptuous thoughts, or while expelling faeces; with itching of the prepuce."

Hence we have a strange intermingling of increased irritability of the parts, the neck of the bladder, sexual organs, prostrate gland, with weakness, with impotency.

Women In the male, remember, there is induration and enlargement of the testicles; in the woman induration and enlargement of the ovaries and uterus.

"Uterine spasms during too early and scanty menses."

Soreness in the abdomen in the early stages of gestation, motions of the child are painful. Burning, stinging, tearing pains in the neck of the uterus.

Great soreness of the breasts. This medicine has dwindling of the mammary glands as well as enlargement and induration. Suppressed menstruation, painful menstruation, throbbing, tearing, burning pains in the uterus and in the ovaries, in the pelvis.

It will progress most rapidly, but Conium is one of those remedies that will slow down that inflammation and restrain somewhat the hemorrhages. Conium has produced induration and infiltration of the cervix.

Taking a deep breath causes cough. Such are the striking features of a Conium cough. In the chest, violent stitches. Painful swelling of the breasts. Rending, tearing pains in the chest.

"III effects of bruises and shocks to the spine."

After injuries, especially in the lumbar region, pains and filling up of the veins of the lower limbs. Rheumatic pains; paralysis of the lower limbs; ulceration. And the sufferings and conditions are better by letting the limbs hang down

Conium differs from a great many medicines. It is common for pains and aches to be relieved by putting the feet up on a chair; by putting them up in bed.

But the patient with the rheumatism, with the ulceration of the legs and the other strange sufferings of the legs, will lie down and permit his legs to hang over the bed up as far as the knee. That is something that somebody ought to undertake to account for, so we could have at least one thing we could prescribe for under pathology. But up to date we have no explanation. Tottering gait in middle-aged men.

Another grand feature of the remedy; he sweats copiously during sleep, Sometimes the patient will say that if he merely closes the eyes he will sweat. It is certainly true on closing the eyes preparatory to going to sleep he will break out in a sweat.

Owing to the fact that Conium produces such a marked induration and infiltration of tissues that have been inflamed, stenoses are apt to form where inflammation has been present. Stricture of the urethra and stenosis of the os uteri have been cured by Conium

Vertigo and pressure in the head with unaltered pulse. Vertigo, worse from stooping. The slightest spirituous drink intoxicates him. Vertigo when turning the head, like turning in a circle, when rising from a seat.

worse when lying down, as though the bed were turning in a circle.

when turning in bed or when looking around.

Vertigo, especially worse on turning the head, or looking around sidewise, or turning in bed.

Swelling and induration of glands, after contusions or bruises.

Urine flows, stops and flows again intermittently, prostatic or uterine affections.

Breasts sore, hard and painful during menstrual period.

Conium Maculatum is another of the so-called spinal remedies. I will not, as I did under Cocculus Indicus Cocculus quote what authorities say from a pathological standpoint. All seem to agree that it paralyzes from below upwards, and the poisoning of Socrates with it is adduced in illustration. It ought to be a remedy for locomotor ataxia The strongest characteristic I know, from a homoeopathic standpoint, it its peculiar vertigo, which is much aggravated by turning the head sidewise. (Colocynthis Coloc., turning head to left). Turning over in bed is the same. Some say lying down in bed and turning over. I have found that it is not so much the lying down as it is the turning of the head sidewise, whether in an upright or horizontal posture.

I once treated a case of what seemed to be locomotor ataxia with Conium Maculatum.

The patient had been slowly losing the use of his legs; could not stand at the dark; and when he walked along the street would make his wife walk either ahead of him, or behind him, for the act of looking sidewise at her or in the least turning head or eyes that way would cause him to stagger or fall.

Conium cured him. It would always aggravate at first, but he would greatly improve after stopping the remedy. The aggravation was just as invariable after taking a dose of Fincke's c. m. potency as from anything lower, but the improvement lasted longer after it.

Taking an occasional dose from a week to four weeks apart completely cured him in about a year. It was a bad case, of years' standing, before I took him.

I have often verified this symptom in the vertigo of old people, where it is most frequently found; but it also often accompanies various affections in all ages, and especially is found in ovarian and uterine affections. I know of no remedy that has this symptom so strongly.

There is a form of ophthalmia in strumous subjects which calls for Conium in preference to any other remedy, and the peculiar, prominent and uncommon (as Hahnemann says, Organon, § 153) symptom is, photophobia, intense, out of all proportion to the objective signs of inflammation in the eye. The pains are worse at night and terribly aggravated by the least ray of light, relieved in dark room and by pressure.

In all the scirrhous affections of the breast, womb or other parts the pains of Conium are burning, stinging, or darting, and may make one think of Apis Mel Apis mellifica. The other symptoms must then decide between them.

Conium has marked action upon the sexual organs. In the male there is great weakness of the organs. He has intense desire and amorous thoughts, but is unable to perform. He has emissions at the very thought or presence of a woman. The erections are insufficient, last only a short time, or "go back" on him in the act of embrace, and he suffers with weakness and chagrin afterwards. This affects the mind and hypochondriasis of the bluest blue takes possession of him.

Conium Maculatum condition of mind may obtain in both sexes; as a result of too free, and also especially too infrequent indulgence; or, excessive abstemiousness. Hence Conium becomes a good remedy for old bachelors and old maids. If the vertigo is also present in such cases Conium is sure to be of great benefit.

Intermittent flow of urine is very characteristic (Clematis Erecta Clematis). One might think that this was owing to a paralytic condition of the bladder. I don't know; but I do know that the symptom often occurs in the hypertrophy of the prostate gland incident to old age and Conium helps. "Sweats day or night.

as soon as one sleeps or even when closing the eyes," is a characteristic found under no other remedy that I know of. (Reverse Sambucus Nigra Sambucus).

Dr. Adolph Lippe once made a splendid cure of complete one-sided paralysis in a man 80 years of age with Conium Maculatum, and was guided to it by this symptom. I think it would be rather a difficult task to give a correct pathological explanation of such a symptom; but there is a reason, and whether we can give it or not we can cure it if we have a corresponding one appearing under a remedy.

It is interesting to follow out the connections of symptoms.

Take for instance the single prominent symptom of Conium


Eyes, heavy. Hearing, illusions of. Hemiplegia. Numbness. Tongue, paralysis of. Vertigo. Vision, disordered.






Sexual organs



Coniin. is a poison rivalling Hydrocyanicum Acidum prussic acid in the intensity of action. It has had rather an extensive proving. It causes numbness, muscular paralysis, vertigo, disorders of sight, hearing, and touch, lethargy and overpowering sleepiness. A feeling as if one had been up all night, or after a debauch. Cramp in calves on ascending steps or drawing off boots. Vertigo is amel. in open air. SYMPTOMS.