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Plumbum Metallicum - Abdomen symptoms - T.F. Allen

Lead, Plumbum, Plumb, Plb.

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HPUS indication of Plumbum Metallicum: Paleness
Common symptoms: Paleness, Loss of smell, Stiffness.

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Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Plumbum Metallicum in traditional homeopathic usage, not approved by the FDA.



Pains at the umbilicus and hypogastrium, constant but rather worse at intervals; he compared them to twitchings; neither increased nor diminished by pressure, which made them rise up to the breasts,


Pressure in the stomach, as from much undigested food, with a feeling of heaviness in the occiput, aggravated by moving the head, after a very moderate dinner, lasting till very late in the evening,

Great desire to eat bread and biscuits the whole time; occurring even an hour after a meal, also late in the evening and early in the morning,

Great loss of appetite, and even aversion to food,

Aversion to food, , ,

Thirst, after dinner (very unusual),

Frequent eructations tasting of the food (after half an hour),

Great flatulent distension coming on after food, accompanied by severe pain,

Colic, aggravated by any food,

Abdomen tender to touch; pain aggravated by food,

A stitch in the left groin on stooping; on rising up, sticking in the umbilical region, that disappeared on stooping; after dinner (after two hours and a half),


Griping about the navel, followed by ineffectual desire for stool, disappearing after the emission of flatus (first day),

Griping about the navel relieved by the emission of flatus, in the afternoon,

Abdomen hard, and at times distended by flatulence, often spasmodically contracted,


Much flatulence,

Frequent emission of flatus (first evening),

Very offensive flatus, after eating fish,

Short, partly loud emission of flatus, of a penetrating odor (first day),

Discharge of hot flatus, that burns like fire (second day),

Discharge of flatus upward and downward,

Emission of flatus, preceded by slight cutting colic, in the morning (fifth day),

Emission of offensive flatus (after three-quarters of an hour),

Movements of flatus in the abdomen (second day),

Cutting colic, as from flatulence, in the morning, in bed,

Pain in the abdomen; painful flatulent distension below the navel; disappearing after the emission of flatus (after three hours),

Severe pain in bowels, with flatulence,

Movement in the abdomen and desire for stool, but only flatus was passed, in the afternoon,

Ineffectual efforts to pass flatus, that afterwards is accomplished only by pressure, in the afternoon,

Sensation as if flatus were incarcerated in the lower abdomen and could not be passed, in the afternoon,

Acute pressing outward pain very low down in the abdomen and down to the rectum, a kind of painless desire to pass flatus, that amounts to nothing,


Dyspepsia, associated with loss of appetite, usually with a clean tongue, with a peculiar sweetish taste, frequent accumulation of saliva, frequent nausea; associated with pressure and heaviness in the pit of the stomach, sometimes with pain and confusion of the head, general malaise, and prostration,

Sensation of hunger and nausea, in the evening before going to sleep (sixth day),

Eructations of gas and nausea, in the evening before going to sleep (seventh day),

Paroxysms of painful constriction in the lower abdominal region, with anxiety, nausea, and eructations and after some hours a sensation as if two arrows were drawn through the abdomen in opposite directions; during the paroxysms the pulse became small and rapid, and the skin cold,


Cardialgia, vomiting, and all the symptoms of inflammation of the stomach,

Sensation of burning in the stomach, with nausea and vomiting,

When a cold drink reached the stomach, it caused a sensation as of boiling water, and was immediately vomited; the vomiting was profuse, of the color and consistence of coffee,

Most violent burning pains in the epigastric region, with violent vomiting (after a few hours),

After swallowing any liquid, a sensation as if the stomach was turned, not followed by vomiting, but aggravating the abdominal pains,

Great hunger; eating a biscuit considerably aggravated the pains, and caused vomiting,

Frequent eructations and vomiting,

Eructations, nausea, and vomiting, especially at the end of the paroxysms of colic,

Sweetish eructations, as if about to vomit, over a hundred times in two hours,

Violent pains in the umbilical region, on vomiting,

Violent pain starting from the umbilical region and extending to the lower portions of the abdomen, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and strangury,

The abdominal muscles with all the intestines, were drawn back toward the spine; the sphincter ani was violently constricted, with persistent vomiting of tenacious greenish substances,

Very violent colic, with nausea and vomiting; the patient tossed about the bed with most violent pain, abdomen retracted to the spine, not sensitive to pressure, with constipation,

Frightful colic, with nausea, constant vomiting, and obstinate constipation,

Most violent pain in the abdomen, followed by bilious vomiting; abdomen very tense,

Between the paroxysms he converses readily, and a vessel of hot water placed on his abdomen is promptly pushed away. The pain is then only a feeling of compression, the abdomen is quiet and but slightly contracted, but there is distressing nausea and difficult vomiting. The ejecta are green as leeks, and they leave a very bitter taste in the mouth and throat. Drinking has no effect on the vomiting,


Liver enlarged,

Out of one hundred and eighty cases, four died of cirrhosis of the liver,

Liver contracted,

Spleen large, extending below the margin of the ribs,

Diseased spleen,

Morbid sensitiveness of the splenic region,

Hepatic region sensitive to pressure, but the liver is not enlarged,

Liver sensitive to pressure, and somewhat hypertrophied,

Spleen and kidneys also painful on pressure,

Pain in the region of the spleen,

Pain in the liver,

Dull pains in the liver,

Constant pains in the hypochondria, aggravated by touch,

Sensation of heat and burning in the liver and spine (after three-quarters of an hour),

Tearing in the left hypochondrium posteriorly toward the back, where it became a sticking, in the afternoon,

Sticking pressure in the hepatic region,

Persistent sticking pain in the hepatic region, first anteriorly, then posteriorly,

Slight pain in the region of the spleen (second day),

Stitches in the right hypochondrium (after one hour and a half),

Stitches in the right hypogastrium, in the afternoon,

Stitches extending inward in the left hypochondrium, somewhat relieved by rubbing, but returning worse than ever, at last disappearing of themselves, frequently during the day (after one hour),

Stitches in the left hypochondrium, relieved by rubbing (after two hours),

Stitches in the left hypochondrium, extending backward (after one hour and a half),

Umbilicus and Sides.

Cuplike depression at the umbilicus,

Prominent swellings could be seen and felt at the umbilicus and hypogastrium, evidently formed by an aggregation of the intestinal folds, and disappearing when the acute pain subsided,

Cuplike depression of the umbilicus,

Abdomen in the umbilical region retracted to spine,

Umbilicus retracted; very painful to pressure,

Navel retracted,

Retraction of the umbilical region; the walls of the abdomen were pressed against the spine, and were sensitive to pressure,

Abdomen hard, spasmodically contracted, so that the navel approximates the spine,

The whole abdomen is somewhat tense, especially the umbilical region; the latter, when pressed by the hand, feels as hard as a stone,

Slight moving back and forth below the navel, like a rough substance (after one hour),

Movements about the navel (after a quarter of an hour),

Bubbling about the navel, frequently intermitting,

Violent pain in a space three inches square around the umbilicus, a most severe twisting sensation, during the aggravations,

Violent pain about the umbilical region, extending across to the right hypogastric region,

Violent periodical colic in the umbilical region,

Violent pains, especially in the umbilical region,

Violent twisting pain at the umbilicus, hypogastrium, epigastrium, and renal region, constant, and with frequent excessive aggravations, during which there was extreme restlessness,

Violent pain in umbilical region, occasionally so severe as to oblige him to draw up his legs,

Violent crampy pains round the umbilicus,

Most violent pains in the umbilical region, and a little above, described by the patient as constrictive and boring,

Violent pains in the umbilical region,

Violent pain in the abdomen, especially in the umbilical region,

Violent pains extending from the pit of the stomach to the umbilicus, and raging with great violence for an hour at a time,

Violent abdominal pains, especially about the navel, with hardness and retraction of the abdomen,

Rather violent pain, especially about the umbilicus, worse by paroxysms, diminished by pressure,

Extremely severe pains in the umbilical region, extending into bowels generally; relieved somewhat by slow and gradual pressure; they become at times so violent that he is almost crazy, and utters sharp cries, tosses about and rolls in his bed, squeezes his bowels with his fists, insists on going at once to stool, etc.,

Colic, by paroxysms, in the whole abdomen, especially about the umbilicus, unaffected by pressure; during the paroxysms he tosses about in bed, and his face is expressive of considerable suffering,

Excruciating pain near the umbilicus,

Excruciating pains at the umbilicus, hypogastrium, epigastrium, and base of the chest. They consisted, during the paroxysms, of a twisting sensation, relieved by pressure, and between them of a feeling of simple constriction, which pressure aggravated. Pressing the hand upon the abdomen imparted a sense of extreme hardness,

Severe pain around the navel; not increased, but rather relieved, by pressure; five days later, same pains in umbilical region,

Severe pain at the umbilicus, extending to the hypogastrium and testicles; worse by paroxysms; sensation as if the bowels were torn out. The attacks come on not oftener than every half hour,

Severe remitting pain, especially towards the umbilicus, slightly diminished by pressure,

Severe pain in region of navel,

Frequent and severe paroxysms of pain in the umbilical region,

Intolerable pains about the navel, followed by very obstinate constipation,

Severe twisting pain at the umbilicus and hypogastrium, returning in paroxysms, alleviated by pressure,

Twisting pain about the umbilicus, shooting through to the back and down the limbs,

Twisting pain, at times very severe, at the umbilicus and epigastrium,

Very severe twisting pain at the umbilicus, not so bad at the epigastrium; increased by pressure and diminished by friction,

Lacerating pains at the umbilicus and epigastrium; rather worse by paroxysms; slightly ameliorated by pressure. During the attacks he tosses about in bed, his face is contracted, he utters complaints,

Sharp lancinating pains in the pubic and umbilical region, with a sensation of twisting about the navel,

Pain in all the abdomen, especially in the umbilicus, accompanied by a burning sensation in the intestines during an attack of pain, which frequently changed to a species of insensibility of the abdominal walls,

Seated pain in the umbilical region,

Pains in the umbilical region,

Pain in the umbilical region and back,

Pain about the region of the navel,

When he can be got to pay attention, and is asked where he feels pain, he points to the umbilical region,

Pain at the umbilicus, hypogastrium, and renal region, constant, but with aggravations; paroxysms of twisting colic every five minutes, very slightly relieved by pressure,

The pain is worst at the umbilicus; next worst at the epigastrium; the hypogastrium and sides are least affected,

The pain was chiefly felt at the umbilicus, scarcely at all at the hypogastrium; during the paroxysms it was a twisting sensation; between them, a feeling of compression. The abdomen was neither retracted nor swollen, but is displayed a marked degree of tension,

Very slight pain at the umbilicus; worse at intervals; diminished by pressure,

Very slight pain about the umbilicus,

Umbilical region painful to pressure,

Pressure on the umbilical region only slightly alleviates the pain,

Tenderness on pressure about the umbilicus,

Feels very sore in umbilical region,

Forcible pressure on the umbilical region is attended with marked relief; pressure also diminishes the hypogastric pain,

If the umbilical region be gradually pressed during the colic the pain is relieved and the patient can, under certain circumstances, allow two or three people to lie upon the abdomen; at other times the pain is aggravated by the slightest touch,

Burning internally about the navel, transient (after one hour and a half),

Cutting about the navel, which is retracted, while pressing at stool, disappearing after the stool (after five hours),

Griping internally about the navel, followed by transient burning in it (after six hours),

Sticking, as with a needle, below the navel, deep internally (after two hours),

Stitches round about the navel, extending to the right and left (after one hour),

Feeling of something like a mouse creeping in the left side of the abdomen (after two hours and three-quarters),

Sensation as if something had fallen down in the left side of the abdomen, in the afternoon,

Slight drawing in the side, towards the back, as from distension,

Stitches in the left side of the abdomen (after two hours and three-quarters),

The sides of the abdomen were a little painful,

General Abdomen.

Dull sound of the anterior portion of the abdomen on percussion,

Abdomen inflated and sensitive,

Abdomen distended,

Projecting abdomen,

Flatulent distension of the abdomen,

Abdomen distended, with spasmodic pain (second day),

Abdomen large, somewhat tympanitic,

Pain in and distension of the abdomen,

Inflated abdomen,

Abdomen extremely tense, with deeply retracted navel,

Tension of the abdomen,

The abdomen is very tense,

Abdomen and loins somewhat swollen, and painful to touch,

Abdomen swollen, and the seat of acute pain, which the slightest pressure augmented, but which firm pressure relieved (after one day),

Uneven tense swellings on various parts of the abdomen, especially during the height of the paroxysms,

Abdomen tense, exceedingly sensitive to the slightest pressure; pains relieved by hard pressure,

Abdomen feels tense and hard; there is much tenderness near the umbilicus,

Much rigidity of the abdominal muscles,

Abdomen remarkably hard and contracted; it seemed glued to the spine; the umbilicus excavated,

The abdomen is hard, but neither retracted nor swollen,

Abdomen hard and tense,

Abdomen hard and tense, not painful on pressure, but relieved by it,

Abdomen hard, but of natural shape,

Abdomen hard and swollen, slightly sensitive to hard pressure on the umbilical region,

Abdomen very hard,

Abdomen very hard and uneven, being much sunken in along the median line, while the sides are elevated,

Abdomen of natural shape; it felt rather hard here and there; its usual flexibility was diminished,

Abdomen lumpy, uneven, and rather hard,

Hard lumps could be felt in the abdomen,

Abdomen slightly hard,

Abdomen hard and painful,

Abdomen hard and flat, but not retracted,

Abdomen hard, not painful to pressure,

Abdomen very hard and depressed,

Abdomen tender on pressure in one paroxysm,

Some had tumid abdomen,

Abdomen doughy to feel,

Abdomen evinces a great degree of tumidity, and is unable to sustain pressure; and unremitting pain is likewise complained of, with paroxysms of intense pain, recurring at intervals,

Abdomen flexible, sensitive to pressure, especially at the stomach and right side; the pain is even quite severe at these points, and ascends the length of the oesophagus as far at the throat (after four hours),

Abdomen retained its natural shape, but not its softness,

Abdomen soft, but digestion is not as easily performed as in health,

The anterior walls of the abdomen lay in the same plane with the ensiform cartilage and pubis,

Abdomen quite soft, rather projecting than retracted,

Tympanitic abdomen,

Abdomen retracted, , etc.

Abdomen flattened, and very painful on pressure,

The abdomen is exceedingly retracted; it communicates to the hand, on palpation, a feeling as if its muscular tissue were affected, with cramps,

Marked retraction of the abdomen,

Intense retraction of the integuments of the abdomen towards the spine, and a hard knotty feeling of the muscles in various places over its surface,

Abdomen retracted, hard,

Great retraction of the abdominal walls, with painfulness to pressure, especially about the navel,

Abdominal walls drawn in and perfectly rigid,

Abdomen flattened,

Abdomen retracted, tense, not sensitive to pressure; on the contrary pressure on the abdomen or lying upon the side rather relieved the pains,

Abdomen tense, painfully retracted,

Abdomen retracted, hard, painful; the pain commenced at the umbilicus, and radiated to the lumbar region and to the iliac fossae; became so violent that he rolled upon the ground, and pressed the abdomen with great violence,

Abdomen retracted and concave,

Contraction of the abdominal walls, ,

The parietes of the abdomen seemed glued to the spine, with no elasticity; I could grasp the curvature of the spine in the hand, and take hold of the descending aorta with the thumb and finger,

Abdomen painful, retracted,

Shrunk state of the abdomen,

Abdominal muscles strongly contracted,

The abdomen is sensibly retracted,

Abdomen sunken,

Abdomen retracted, and slightly painful on pressure,

Abdominal muscles retracted and rigid,

Retracted abdomen, with tense tympanitic muscles like hard boards,

Retraction of the whole abdomen, especially of the navel,

The abdomen is sunken at certain spots and distended at others; the abdominal muscles are distinctly seen through the skin,

The abdominal muscles are forcibly drawn inward, so that the navel often presses against the spine,

Hard contraction of the abdomen, that could endure no touch,

Contraction transversely about the middle of the abdomen, while sitting bent over (after five hours),

Abdomen much contracted and hard; when asked where he feels pain, he says sometimes that he has no pain, sometimes that his whole body is painful, sometimes that he has pain in his abdomen only; strong pressure on the abdomen causes pain,

Abdomen tense, contracted, and very much depressed,

Abdomen contracted, especially during the paroxysms,

The abdomen is contracted to that degree that it describes a curve with the concavity upwards; when pressed, it feels as hard as a stone,

The abdomen preserved its natural shape, yet was hard and contracted, as was evident on compressing it. The pain was unaffected by pressure. Constipation; no stool since the pains set in; one copious evacuation the day previous,

Abdomen exceedingly depressed, as if glued to the spine; it seemed extremely hard when pressed upon during the paroxysms, less so between them,

The muscles of the anterior wall of the abdomen are tense, and the abdomen is depressed, chiefly over the median line. The tension is not relaxed by flexing the lower limbs upon the pelvis and occupying the patient's attention, and, together with the retraction, becomes worse at every return of the colicky paroxysms,

Abdomen flat and depressed, not very painful on pressure,

Abdomen depressed, hard, and contracted,

Abdomen slightly depressed and markedly contracted, especially throughout the space occupied by the recti muscles; this muscular tension gave rise to a sort of canal from the ensiform cartilage to the pubis,

Abdomen little depressed, but much contracted,

Abdominal walls somewhat depressed,

Ulceration of the intestines,

The abdomen seems eviscerated and hard on account of the great retraction of the abdominal muscles; the navel seems to adhere to the spine, and the pain also involves the pectoral region,

Inflammation of the abdominal viscera, and even of the mesentery, with debilitating fever, turbid, red, and thick urine,

Flatulent troubles,

Gas often moves about noisily in the bowels, and then the abdominal swellings disappear,

Fermentation in the intestines,

Everything that he takes seems to turn to wind,

Borborygmi, , , etc.

Borborygmi, especially in the right iliac fossa,

Audible rumbling and gurgling in the whole abdomen, in the morning, after rising; a stool after a quarter of an hour, at first formed, followed by violent purging (second day),

Rumbling and gurgling in the abdomen,

Loud gurgling of liquid and gas in the bowels, especially from pressure on the abdomen,

Gurgling in intestines,

Movements in the abdomen, with rumbling, in the evening,

Colic (fifteenth and twenty-first days), , etc.

Violent colic, , etc.

Most violent colic the patient pressed upon the abdomen and tossed about, with cries; the pain involved the whole abdomen, and lasted more than two hours (after one hour),

Most violent colic,

Violent periodical colic,

Violent colic; she doubles up like a worm,

Violent colic, most severe about the navel,

Severe colic, attended with inflammatory symptoms,

Severe colic, worse by paroxysms, especially at the umbilicus, forcing him to scream out, roll about in bed, bend double, etc.,

Very severe colic; during the paroxysms, which are frequent, great restlessness,

(Very severe colic six years ago, with obstinate constipation; a few days ago very severe pain in abdomen; copious diarrhoea),

(Quitted work on account of a severe attack of dry colic, which lasted five weeks; when recovered he returned to his former trade, in which he had nothing to do with lead; but after four or five days he began to feel pains in the joints, bad enough to make him break off work),

Colic very violent; pains begin around the umbilicus, and extend towards the hypogastrium,

On a sudden the complaint left the extremities of the body, and seemed to concentrate itself upon the abdomen in the form of a violent attack of colic,

During the course of this disease, which was marked by its usual features, very severe colic set in, evidently caused by lead,

Severe colic; the sufferer pressed her belly and rolled on the ground, screaming; the pain occupied the whole abdomen (after one hour),

Suffered from violent colic, with obstinate constipation,

Violent colic, relieved by hard pressure upon the abdomen,

Severe colic, relieved by pressure applied secundem artem; he is in the habit of pressing his own hands hard on the abdomen during the paroxysms,

Violent colic, with retraction of the abdomen,

Very severe colic; screamed aloud, and assumed the strangest postures to obtain relief,

Intolerable colic, with frightful anxiety, constant retching, retracted testicles,

Slight or most violent colic, at first transient, afterwards persistent,

Violent colic and convulsions, recurring seven or eight times in one day, with closure of the jaws, convulsive movements of the eyes and of all the limbs, with great uneasiness and such violent movements that several men could scarcely hold him, with impeded micturition,

Colic characterized by the fact that he lay flat upon the abdomen, in such a way as to strongly compress it,

Although perfectly rational he was so overcome by pain that he threw open his window in order to jump out, and at another time furiously seized his razor to cut his throat,

(Having had lead colic the year before, for the first time, with cerebral symptoms, he now felt pains in the abdomen, followed by constipation and other symptoms of colic),

The colic alternated with pains in the joints and violent headache,

Attack of colic, which felt behind a trembling state of the limbs,

Colic lasting sometimes a quarter of an hour; relieved by pressure, secundem artem, although between the paroxysms, the abdomen is exceedingly sensitive,

His first attack of lead-poisoning occurred ten years since. A year ago he had a second one, and was sick for a month; very bad colic, epileptic seizures, with loss of consciousness and consecutive paralysis. No colic in the interval,

Attacks of colic lasting from morning till towards evening, and still worse in the night,

Attack of colic, followed by an alvine evacuation, with febrile movement, general debility, and drowsiness; afterwards successive attacks of colic, with persistent constipation,

Colic, with paralysis,

Repeated attacks of lead-colic pains in both arms,

Colic, with hard, tense, retracted abdomen, very painful to pressure,

Colic every hour, and lasting about twenty minutes,

Colic, with paralysis of the lower extremities,

Colic, with jerking,

The colic is seldom accompanied by uncontrollable diarrhoea,

Colic at first slight, soon ceasing, but afterwards returning, and finally becoming intolerable,

Colic, that often intermits for two or three days, or even one or two months,

Colic, with diarrhoea, followed by constipation,

Had colic six times; the last time it was accompanied by paralysis of the extensor communis digitorum of the right side,

Sometimes presses his fingers deep into his navel, or ties his cravat tightly around him, etc.,

(Three previous attacks of colic; the last of these was accompanied by severe headache, delirium, epileptic seizures, and temporary amaurosis),

(One previous attack of colic, with epilepsy and delirium),

(Five previous attacks of colic, the third one accompanied by loss of consciousness, the fourth by motor and sensory paralysis of the lower limbs),

Has had two attacks of colic, the last one severe, with restlessness and delirium; paralysis of the entire upper limbs,

Has bad two attacks of lead colic. For some time past has noticed that he manipulates the type with much less ease than formerly, sometimes even letting them fall out of his hands,

Colic, aggravated by cold,

Colic, which was aggravated regularly, morning and evening,

The colic pains are aggravated by sudden and forcible pressure on the abdomen, but if even hard pressure is applied gradually they are relieved,

The colic almost always becomes worse by paroxysms; there is then the most painful twisting sensation,

Colic, only relieved by lying on the abdomen,

Colic, relieved by lying on abdomen; the pain extends to the testicles,

She did not suffer from lead colic during pregnancy,

Colic, allayed by pressure secundem artem, but increased by hard pressure,

Pressure neither increases nor diminishes the colic,

Colic, relieved by external pressure, so greatly relieved that the patient would often wish two or three people to lie across the abdomen; at other times the colic was aggravated by the slightest touch,

Arthralgic colicky pains,

Colicky pains in the abdomen, soon becoming extremely severe; they were worse than labor pains, lancinating, extending into the back and loins,

Violent colicky pains, which made him scream loudly, and throw himself from one side of the bed to the other,

Great pain (colic pain) and swelling of the abdomen,

Colicky pains all over the bowels, especially the umbilical region, where they are of a twisting nature,

Dull transient colicky pains in the abdomen, worse after eating,

Wandering pains before the colic,

He twisted his handkerchief into a rope, and tied it tightly round his abdomen,

Horrible pains (in the bowels); rolls about in bed, trying to get into a position where his abdomen will be compressed as much as possible. Pressure on the abdomen with the fingers is painful; pressure with the flat of the hand is also painful, although he prefers to lie on his abdomen,

Very acute pains in the abdomen, followed by very profuse diarrhoea,

Great pain in the abdomen, which is much relieved by pressure and warmth,

Pains in the abdomen, gradually increasing to very great intensity, accompanied by extreme constipation,

Severe pains in the abdomen, with constipation,

A good deal of abdominal pain, and sometimes very much tenesmus, with the diarrhoea,

Severe pain, coming on in fits, over the abdomen, so as to bend him double,

Most acute pains in the whole abdomen; much worse at the umbilicus,

Excessive pain in abdomen, radiating thence to all parts of the body,

Pain in the bowels, which gradually increased in intensity until it became excruciating, lasting more than a week; writhing with agony; pain extended to the lower extremities, especially to the feet,

Violent pain in bowels; more intense in the umbilical and iliac region than any other part of the abdomen,

Violent pains and contractions in the abdomen,

Violent pains in the abdomen, kidneys, and lower extremities,

Most violent pains in the whole abdomen, aggravated by touch,

Pain in the abdomen, constantly becoming more distressing,

The most violent pains rage in the abdomen,

Most raging pains in the abdomen,

Violent persistent pains in the abdomen, that becomes contracted like a board and retracted about the navel,

Intolerable pains in the abdomen, that cause great uneasiness, and even confusion of mind and faintness,

Most violent pains in the intestines,

Pains in the abdomen, extending up and down,

Intolerable pains in the intestines,

Bruised pain in the abdominal muscles, transversely across below the ribs and about the navel, noticed on pressure, coughing, and the like, and aggravated by rising from a recumbent posture,

Pains in the abdomen, aggravated by touch,

Violent abdominal pains, not augmented by pressure, of five days' standing,

Pain, worse by paroxysms, in the whole abdomen, and especially at the umbilicus, sometimes so violent as to extort screams; he seeks relief by pressing on the abdomen,

Very severe lancinating pains in the whole abdomen, especially at the epigastrium and umbilicus, slightly increased by pressure,

Unremitting pain in abdomen, much aggravated at intervals, though mitigated by moderate pressure,

Pain in the whole abdomen, most severe in the epigastrium, and consisting of burning and a feeling of distension, becoming worse by paroxysms,

Terrible abdominal pains, which forced him to roll about in bed, press his hands on the part, scream, call for help, roll about on the floor, implore his wife to kneel upon his abdomen, whereby he gained some temporary relief,

Spontaneous pain in the front wall of the abdomen, aggravated by light pressure, but diminished by strong pressure,

Lancinating pain in bowels,

Rather violent remitting pain, increased by pressure, in the whole abdomen, and especially at the umbilicus,

Paroxysms of abdominal pain (after four days),

Pains in the region of the transverse colon, aggravated by pressure,

When asked where he feels pain he points to his abdomen, and tries long and vainly to pronounce the word "ventre,"

Severe tormina and constipation,

Complained of pain in the abdomen, acute and lacerating, not continuous, in the region of the umbilicus, and relieved only by pressure of the hand,

Pains in the bowels, which took place several days subsequent to the affection of the feet and legs,

Severe abdominal pain, but there was no tenderness, and the pain was rather relieved than otherwise by firm pressure; it was often paroxysmal,

Constant pains that were seated in the small intestines, sticking, gradually increasing, especially in the transverse colon,

Pain in abdomen for three weeks, and the last few days so severe as to cause him to writhe in agony; pain relieved by pressure,

Considerable pain and tenderness of the whole abdomen, but felt more especially at the scrobiculus cordis, not increased on pressure (second day),

Pain in bowels, which first commenced in the lower abdomen,

Twisting pains in the whole abdomen, especially at the umbilicus; worse by paroxysms; diminished by pressure,

Sticking pains in the transverse colon,

Wandering pains in the bowels before the colic,

Contractive pain in the upper abdomen, relieved by eating, with increased appetite,

Pain along the course of the colon,

Tension and pain in the abdomen, especially in the umbilical region, with hectic fever,

After the convulsive attack twisting pains in the abdomen, at times so acute as to extort screams,

Moderate pain in the whole abdomen; worse at the epigastrium; constant, but sharper at intervals, slightly increased by pressure. I consists of a feeling of twisting or compression,

Attack of pain in the abdomen, which was relieved by evacuations; this was followed by an uneasiness, nearly constant, in the bowels, constipation, and by occasional attacks of pain, like that described, but less severe; this uneasy sensation led the patient constantly to hold on, or press his hands upon his bowels,

Pain in the whole abdomen, but not in a uniform degree; it is most acute in the hypogastrium, then the umbilicus and the epigastrium,

Sudden pressure on the abdomen causes pain; gradual and gentle pressure, on the other hand, affords relief,

Constant and severe griping pains in the abdomen, attended with but little tenderness and no fulness,

Griping pains in the abdomen, corresponding to the transverse colon,

Griping in the abdomen, in the evening,

Griping in the upper abdomen (after six hours),

Griping in the forepart of the abdomen and rumbling after a stool; it rises paroxysmally towards the stomach, that is sore, like a faintness (second day),

Griping in the abdomen,

Griping pains of great severity,

Some griping in the lower abdomen (after a quarter of an hour),

Violent and obstinate griping in the abdomen,

Pains and griping in the abdomen,

Strong convulsive spasms in the intestines,

Sense of constricture, as if a cord were drawn permanently tight around his body, at the navel,

Constrictive pain in the abdomen,

Most frightful cramps, lasting several hours, with retention of stool and urine, and retraction of the abdomen (after four days),

Violent spasmodic contractions about the abdominal cavity; the pain which it gave rise to was so distressing that he cried out like a woman in labor, and the parts became so sensible to touch that he could not bear the slightest pressure, not even that of the bedclothes,

Constriction of the intestines and other viscera, so that the navel approximated the spine and the anus was drawn towards the abdomen,

Pressure and violent colic, with which the abdomen is spasmodically contracted, with obstinate constipation,

Pressive pain in one spot in the abdomen, in a line from the tip of the ilium to the symphysis, though nearer the former, continuing the whole day, seeming to be rather in the muscles; the place was distended,

Incessant pressure in the upper abdomen,

Abdominal pain, aggravated by pressure,

Abdomen painful on pressure,

Abdomen sensitive to pressure, but no constipation or colic,

Pressure with the palm of the hand on the abdomen is not much felt; with two fingers it is painful,

Pressure with the fingers on the abdominal region is painful, especially below the ensiform cartilage,

Surface of abdomen very sensitive to pressure,

Pressure on the abdomen gave some relief,

Typhus abdominalis with acute nephritis, with nosebleed, enlargement of the spleen and liver, but without any marked eruption, frequently with hypostatic pleuropneumonia,


Soon afterwards he became affected with severe enteralgia, to which the patient has ever since been subject, and which has latterly been accompanied by an exhausting fever,



Meteorismus (after three days), ,

Symptoms of paralysis of the intestines and bladder,

Abdominal distress,

Uneasiness in abdomen,

Constant abdominal uneasiness, and at times feels as if the bowels were twisted,

Violent cutting pains in the abdomen,

The cutting in the abdomen is relieved for a short time after the stool,

Cutting in the abdomen the whole second day,

Heat and burning in the whole abdomen (after two hours and a quarter),

Burning in the whole abdomen internally, and a sensation of twisting about the navel, with stitches in the back, and a sensation as if a substance were lying upon it, with pains in the pit of the stomach (after two hours),

Heat in the abdomen,

Confused feeling in the abdomen (first day),

Sensation in the upper abdomen as if something were torn off and fell down, without pain, followed by movements in the abdomen (after six hours),

Fermentation in the abdomen, with griping in the intestines,

Slight convulsive movement and transient pains in the abdomen,

Sensation of heaviness and dragging in the colon, with ineffectual efforts to evacuate the bowels; the sphincter ani remained tightly closed, and would allow neither gas nor faeces to pass, and presented an unyielding resistance to the violent contractions of the abdominal muscles,

Sensation as if the abdomen were full and stopped, in the afternoon,

Several pinchings in the bowels (after half an hour),

Stitches in the whole abdomen, in the evening,

Violent lancinations, worse by paroxysms, in the abdominal walls; they are renewed by bending the head on the chest while lying stretched out in bed,

The patient felt as if the intestines were lacerated with arrows drawn in contrary directions, and piercing the hypochondriac and iliac regions,

Whole abdomen very sensitive to touch,

Painful sensibility of the abdomen,

Abdomen very sensitive,

Tenderness on pressure all over abdomen (third day),

Abdominal pain, seldom either increased or diminished by firm pressure,

The abdominal pains are considerably aggravated by cold,

The bowels gradually lose the ability to expel their contents,

Relief by compressing the abdomen, especially during the paroxysms,

His abdomen seemed to be the centre from which his pain radiated,

Hypogastrium and Iliac Regions.

Movements in the lower abdomen, with cutting pain (second forenoon),

Some borgorygmi in the right iliac fossa,

The hypogastrium sounded well on percussion, but at every attempt to introduce a catheter into the bladder the pains were much aggravated, causing fearful screams; an entrance was effected with some difficulty during the period of remission, but only a few drops of red urine were drawn off,

The walls of the hypogastrium are very depressed, as if excavated, and extremely hard; the rest of the abdomen is also retracted and tense, but to a less degree,

Oppression over hypogastrium,

Griping in the lower abdomen (fifth and sixth days),

Griping pain in the lower part of abdomen, relieved by pressure,

Twisting pain, at times excruciating, in the hypogastrium and testicles,

Dull pains in the hypogastrium and renal region,

Feeling of compression and coolness at the hypogastrium, slightly aggravated by pressure, and becoming more severe at intervals,

After retching she sometimes felt slight pain in the lower part of the abdomen, evidently of a myalgic nature, from fatigue of the abdominal muscles,

Very acute tearing sensation extending along the flanks down to the bladder, constant, but with regular exacerbations,

Inguinal glands somewhat congested,

Increased sensitiveness of the right iliac fossa to hard pressure,

Right iliac region painful to pressure,


Epigastrium tender,

Epigastrium tense and hard,

Epigastric region very sensitive,

Sensation of emptiness or fasting in the stomach, frequently (after a quarter of an hour),

Discomfort in the stomach, without qualmishness (after a quarter of an hour),

Indescribable sensation of depression and distress at the pit of the stomach (immediately),

Epigastrium depressed,

Constriction about the epigastric region,

Sense of constriction about the epigastrium and throat,

Contraction of the stomach,

Contractive sensation in the stomach (after six hours),

Tightness of the epigastrium,

Tightness in the pit of the stomach,

Sensation of fulness in the stomach,

After eating he felt swollen,

Taking nourishment does not cause pain, but only a sensation of uneasiness and of weight; digestion takes place very slowly,

Pressure has no effect on the epigastric pain,

Pressure and tightness about the stomach (after three-quarters of an hour),

Violent pressure in the epigastric region,

Pressure in the stomach, as if it were pressed by a hundredweight,

Pressure in the stomach,

Pressure in the stomach, after eating,

Pressive pain in the stomach,

Pressure in the pit of stomach; a dull anxious pain (first day),

Pressure and fulness in the epigastrium, after eating,

Epigastrium tender on pressure (after one year),

Uncomfortable weight in stomach, accompanied by eructations,

Weight at the epigastrium,

Heaviness in the stomach,


Impaired digestion, ,

Difficulty of digestion,

Digestion completely out of order,

Painful dyspepsia,


Heat of stomach (after five hours),

Great heat in the stomach,

Heat in the epigastric region, with violent pain, that extended to the region of the heart,


Cardialgia with the colicky pains,

Violent burning in the stomach, immediately,

Burning in the stomach,

Transient burning in the stomach (after a quarter of an hour),

Sense of burning in the epigastric region,

Violent burning pains in the epigastric region, which was very sensitive to pressure,

Constrictive burning pains in the stomach, and afterwards in the umbilical region, occurring at longer or shorter intervals,

Violent burning pain, much more severe at the epigastrium than at the umbilicus or hypogastrium, worse by paroxysms, and diminished by gradual pressure,

Slight burning pain in the stomach (first day); more pain (second day),

Cutting and burning pain in the stomach, extending through the abdomen,

Occasionally a dull pain at the cardiac extremity of the stomach,

Sometimes severe pains in the stomach,

Very sharp pain at the epigastrium, worse at intervals, when there is a feeling of violent laceration,

Extremely acute pain, confined to a space three inches in extent between the epigastrium and hypogastrium. He complained also of a much less severe pain, extending around the hypogastrium,

Severe pain at the epigastrium; rather less at the right hypochondrium and the umbilicus; constant, but worse by paroxysms; tearing at the hypochondrium; elsewhere, twisting,

Lancinating pain across the stomach and lower part of abdomen,

Sharp lancinating pains in the region of the stomach,

Most violent pain in the stomach, abdomen, and loins, with a distressing sensation of internal heat,

Violent pains in the stomach and umbilical region (seventh day),

Excessive pains in the stomach and abdomen,

Violent gastric pains, for two months,

Violent pain in the epigastrium, almost immediately,

Pain in the epigastric region and above the umbilicus,

Great pain in the stomach,

Violent pain in epigastric region,

Violent pain in the epigastric and umbilical regions, which the patient frequently rubbed; the muscles of the belly were drawn inward,

Most violent pains in the epigastrium, immediately,

Severe pain in the stomach, radiating thence to both groins, striking down both limbs, particularly the left,

Violent pains in the epigastric and umbilical regions (second day),

Great pain, chiefly in epigastrium (fourth day),

Pain in epigastrium, gradually extending over the entire abdomen,

Pain in the stomach, spontaneous, and on pressure,

Pain in stomach, for eight days,

Irregular pains about the epigastrium,

Pain in stomach, , ,

Pain extending from the pit of the stomach to the middle of the chest (after two hours and a half),

Pain in the stomach, whence it extends over the whole abdomen, frequently (after two hours),

Pain in the stomach, as from fasting, in the morning in bed, disappearing after rising (second day),

Pain in the pit of the stomach,

The epigastric region is painful on even slight pressure. Sensation of a heavy weight in the epigastrium, together with a constant and uniform smarting pain,

Colic pains at the epigastrium and umbilicus, twisting, constant, but worse by paroxysms, during which her face is distorted, she utters grievous cries, lies on the belly, doubles herself up, ties handkerchiefs tightly round her, gets up and walks the room, etc.; but no position entirely relieves,

Pain like a boring, in the pit of the stomach, extending into the right side, intermitting,

Dull, heavy, epigastric pain, giving the sensation of the bowels being drawn toward the spine,

Severe twisting pain in the epigastrium, coming on paroxysmally every five minutes, and diminished by pressure,

Twisting pain at the epigastrium and umbilicus, diminished by pressure, and becoming much worse by paroxysms; he lies flat on his belly; bends double, keeps changing his position, and his face is remarkably pinched,

Moderate twisting pains at the epigastrium and umbilicus; worse by paroxysms, slightly diminished by pressure,

Pressive, tensive constrictive pain in the epigastric region,

Constant aching pain at the epigastrium, which was very much aggravated at intervals,

Slight pain at the insertions of the diaphragm, during inspiration,

Have not been free from pain at the epigastrium for a year,

Pain much worse after eating, and she cannot retain anything on her stomach (after one year),

Hot or cold drinks increase the pain; tepid drink agrees best (after one year),

Complains sometimes of a feeling as if a ball ascended from the epigastrium along the thorax to the throat, where it causes a kind of suffocation; at such times he can neither speak nor swallow, and suffers the greatest anxiety,

Cramp in the stomach,

Cramps in the stomach,

Severe gastric and abdominal cramps,

A sensation of the stomach and bowels, being strongly drawn upwards and backwards,

Excessive irritability of the stomach,

Pricking sensation at the pit of the stomach, gradually amounting to pain, which would be more violent at intervals, drawing him double,

Tearing sensation at the epigastrium and umbilicus, worse by paroxysms, during which he is rather restless, often turning in bed; lies flat on his belly; complains and screams somewhat. Abdomen sensibly depressed, hard and contracted,

Colic, first at the pit of the stomach, and gradually extending all over the abdomen,

Violent stomachache, becoming worse every day, until it changed into ileus,

Fine griping in the pyloric region,

Frequent stitches, extending from the pit of the stomach to the back,

Nausea and vomiting

Nausea, , etc.

Frequent nausea, ,

Nausea (with the colic),

Almost constant nausea,

Violent nausea and vomiting of a blackish-yellow substance, soon,

Constant and very fatiguing nausea,

Constant nausea,

Frequent nausea, without vomiting,

Nausea, without vomiting, , etc.

Distressing sickness and vomiting of a yellowish-green fluid,

Nausea and anxiety (second day),

After every meal, uneasiness and nausea,

Occasional nausea, sometimes followed by vomiting of food,

They complained also of feeling sick at the stomach,

Slight nausea, which continued several days, with a load at the pit of the stomach,

Much sickness, and frequent vomiting,

Nausea, before the colic,

Nausea and qualmishness in the stomach, soon disappearing (after two hours),


Qualmishness and uprisings as far as the chest (after two hours and a quarter),

Nausea and vomiting, for two months,

Nausea and vomiting, frequently present, the latter symptom being most distressing, the stomach in some cases rejecting almost everything,

Occasional nausea and vomiting, for a year past,

Severe nausea and vomiting,

Nausea, and vomiting of bilious matter,

Frequent nausea and vomiting,

Almost constant nausea, with vomiting of porraceous, aeruginous matters,

Nausea, with vomiting of a little green, thick substance,

Nausea, with vomiting, at long intervals, of a few spoonfuls of greenish matter,

Nausea and vomiting, immediately,

Nausea and vomiting, , etc.

Frequent inclination to vomit, and occasionally greenish matter was ejected from the stomach,

Incessant inclination to vomit,

Anxious wish to vomit,

Frequent and painful efforts to vomit, which he often sought to reinforce by putting his fingers in his mouth,

Frequent empty retching, with eructations of thin white mucus or greenish bitter fluid,


Frequent retching,

Violent retching (after one week),

Retching and vomiting, at times,

Inclination to vomit, and aversion,

Extreme efforts to vomit, that were almost convulsive,

Vomiting, , etc.

Frequent vomiting, , etc.

Frequent vomiting, in the morning,

Frequent vomiting, though without pain at the epigastrium,

Violent vomiting (after fifteen minutes),

Excessive vomiting,

Constant vomiting, , etc.

Frequent vomiting of grass-green substances,

Obstinate vomiting,

Incessant vomiting until fecal matter is evacuated through the mouth,

Constant vomiting, with obstinate constipation,

Vomiting that could not be quieted,

Vomits several times during the day, producing for the time, hard lumps in the region of the stomach, which, however, disappear on friction being applied,

Frequent and tormenting vomitings,

Vomiting of everything taken into the stomach,

Difficult vomiting,

Violent vomiting, which continued almost without intermission for nearly six hours (after five minutes); mixed with the contents of the stomach a little blood was occasionally rejected,

Vomiting with the abdominal pain, for four days,

Vomiting and frequent retching,

Nothing would remain on their stomachs, even for a moment, for nearly six weeks,

Nothing would remain on his stomach but ice, and for a short time only he could retain small quantities of Brand's essence of chicken and turtle jelly,

Vomiting that does not relieve the patient,

Vomiting, especially with sticking pains,

Vomiting of food,

Vomiting thirty or forty times a day),

Vomiting soon after eating (during the colicky paroxysms),

Vomiting every day, preceded by nausea, and consisting only of a clear, rather acid, fluid, or else of bile,

Ill for three weeks; she vomited constantly, not being able to retain any food; there was also constant nausea, and even when no food was taken, there was still frequent vomiting of a greenish watery fluid; she vomited very much in the night, especially the early morning,

Constant vomiting, so that she could not take the least food,

Constant vomiting of all food,

Vomiting, accompanied by colic,

Difficult vomiting, attended with great anxiety,

Food produced great distress and frequently vomiting, so much so, that he often took no supper,

Severe attacks of vomiting,

About five weeks ago she began to vomit everything he took, whether liquid or solid, and the vomiting has continued ever since (in one case), (after eleven months),

The stomach has not retained anything for a fortnight,

Bilious vomiting; constant nausea,

Frequent bilious vomiting,

Vomiting of a bitter, bilious, slightly green matter,

Frequent but difficult vomiting of mucus and bile,

Vomiting of bilious yellow substances like green vitriol,

Frequent bilious vomiting, preceded by nausea,

Vomiting a brownish liquid streaked with blood (fourth day),

Vomiting of a greenish watery fluid,

Difficult vomiting of a bitter green substance (with the colic),

Frequent greenish vomiting,

Greenish, very bitter, vomiting,

Almost daily vomiting of a green, bilious fluid,

Vomiting, only excited by the greatest efforts, of dark-green, very bitter matter, depositing a very copious, thick, slimy sediment,

Vomiting of green, thick, and very bitter substances,

Frequent vomiting of a deep-green substance, leaving a very bitter taste in the mouth and oesophagus; two basinfuls were ejected during the day and night, only a little at a time,

Frequent green, watery vomiting, followed by a little momentary relief,

Greenish vomiting,

Several times vomited yellow mucus and bilious matter,

The substance vomited tasted like liquorice,

Fecal vomiting, with violent colic and obstinate constipation,

Vomiting of a yellowish offensive substance, with the most violent colic,

Constant vomiting of a substance like corroded Cuprum Metallicum copper (vomitus aeruginosus),

Vomiting of blackish-yellow substances, soon,

Constant vomiting of a blackish substance,

Sometimes vomiting of a little slimy matter, like white of egg,

Vomiting of a stringy substance,

Vomiting of matter containing small whitish lumps, probably consisting of white lead,

Bloody vomiting,

Vomited a considerable quantity of blood (eighteenth day),

All food is immediately vomited, with traces of blood,

Even gum-water is not retained more than five or six minutes, and aggravates the pains,

Stomach rejected all kinds of food; frequently ejected a greenish fluid,

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